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Table 2 Description of peer -reviewed publications

From: Health policy mapping and system gaps impeding the implementation of reproductive, maternal, neonatal, child, and adolescent health programs in South Sudan: a scoping review

Authors & Date Study design & data collection Settings Population & Sample size RMNCAH Health system ‘s building blocks assessed
Berendes and al (2014) [26] health facility assessment
Cross sectional survey
Material and supplies
Health workers
Patient records
Nationwide 14-16 Health facilities in each 10 States (n=156 randomly selected facilities) Children consultation
Antenatal care
- Service delivery (quality of care, accessibility)
- Medicines and supplies
- Information system
- Health workforce (performance)
Bayo and al. (2018) [27] Retrospective -cross sectional study Torit County 2466 patient’s admission files Obstetric care (emergency obstetric complications) Service delivery
Elmusharaf and al. (2017) [28] Participatory Ethnographic evaluation and research
In depth interview
Renk County, Northern Upper Nile State 14 women selected from villages of Renk County Family planning (family size) Community level
Kane and al. (2016) [29] Qualitative exploratory study
FGD (n=5)
Individual interviews (n=44)
Wau County, State of Western Bahr el Ghazal (Fertit community: rural and urban) Community members (male and female)
Traditional healers
Traditional birth attendants
Health facility personnel
State SRH managers
NGO representation
Family planning (social norms shaping birth spacings, childbearing Marriage) Community level
Kane and al. (2018) [30] Qualitative exploratory study
FGD (n=5)
Interviews (n=44)
Same as Kane and al. (2016) Same as Kane and al. (2016) Maternal health (perception on the use of services for childbirth) Service delivery (facility-based services)
Lawry and al. (2017) [31] Cross sectional study Randomized household survey quantitative qualitative interviews (n=72) Gogrial West,Warrap State Pregnant women or had children less than 5 years of age (n=860)
Men (=144)
Qualitative interviews (n=72)
Facility based-deliveries
Antenatal care
Malaria (mosquito nets)
DPT3 immunization
Gender based violence
Service delivery
Community level (knowledge on danger signs of maternal newborn and child health, perceptions of gender norms related to RMNCH health)
Mugo and al. (2016) [32] Cross sectional 2010 South Sudan household survey National 2767 of mothers who gave birth within 2 years prior the survey and delivered their babies at home Maternal health (deliveries) Service delivery
Mugo and al. (2015) (ANC) [33] Analysis of 2010 South Sudan household survey (a nationally representative, stratified, cluster sample survey) National 3504 women aged 15-49 years who had given birth with 2 years preceding the survey Antenatal care Service delivery
Mugo and al. (2015) [34] Literature review on South Sudan National NA MNCH Health workforce
Governance/ Leadership Service delivery
Medicines/ supplies
Mugo and al. (2018) [35] Qualitative study (in depth interviews) Juba County (central Equatoria state) Women with children aged less than 3 months, 10 in each type of health care facility who had given birth either at home or in a health facility(n=30), husbands (n=15) Maternal and child health Service delivery
Mugo and al. (2018) [36] Analysis of 2010
South Sudan household survey
National 8125 singleton, live birth, under-five children born in South Sudan within 5 years prior to the 2010 South Sudan Household Survey Child health Service delivery
Palmer and al. (2016) [38] Ethnographic analysis of public health interventions (document analysis, observation) key informant interviews (n=54) Juba Health managers from the MOH, Ministry of Gender,
Local and international NGO’s staff and UN agencies
nurse and local women’s organization
Family planning
Sami and al. (2018) [39] Cross sectional descriptive study of facility -based deliveries (clinical observation, exit interviews, health facility assessment, direct observation of midwife time use) displacement camps: Maban Gendrassa Kaya, Juba, and Malakal Mother-newborn pairs who sought services and birth attendants who provided delivery services between April and June 2016 in 5 health facilities Maternal health
Newborn health
Service delivery: Quality of care for mothers and newborns
Scott and al. (2013) [40] Community-based participatory research
Using quote sampling
Aweil (Northern Bahr El Ghazal) Wau (Westen Bahr El Ghazal) Lainya, Morobo, Ronyi (Central Equatoria) Malakal (Upper Nile State) N= 680 respondents, n=352 female, n= 326 male Gender norms regarding sexuality and reproductive health Community level
Izudi and al (2017) [41] cross sectional study (survey with random sampling) Mundri East County (Westen Bahr El Ghazal) 13 (one regional referral hospital, 2 county hospitals, 10 PHCC) postpartum mothers that had live births, were 15–49 years old, 8–14 days post-delivery and that attended PNC clinics (to receive immunization, contraception and growth monitoring services) Postnatal care Service delivery
Kane and al. (2016) [29] Qualitative descriptive study
FGD (n=5)
Interviews (n=44)
Wau County, State of Western Bahr el Ghazal Same as kane and al. 2016, Kane and al. 2018 Gender norms related to reproductive health Community level
Sami and al. (2017) [42] Cross sectional study based on self -administered questionnaires and in-depth interviews IDP (Sami and col. 2018) Health providers
Community health workers
Traditional Birth Attendants
Maternal health (childbirth, post -partum) newborn’s health Quality of care (knowledge and practice of care for mothers and newborns)
Wilunda and al. (2016) [43] Qualitative study
FGD (n=14)
Key informant interviews (n=12)
Rumbek North County Women (n=169), men (n=45) community leaders, health providers, and the staff of the County Health Department ANC Service delivery
Jones and al. (2015) [44] Qualitative study Nationwide International health staff (technical advisor, consultant, senior managers, supervisors) from international, local organizations, health providers (n=20) Primary health care (MNCH) Six building’s blocks
Myake and al. (2017) [45] Scoping review South Sudan N=2 papers on South Sudan RMNCH Human resources (community midwifery)
Sami and al. (2018) [39] Case study using mixed methods (FGD (n=19), in-depth interviews (n=7) observation of health facility readiness, documents) IDPs, Hospital (n=1) PHCC (n=4) CH programs (n=4) Health workers (n=43)
CHW (n=61)
Program managers (n=7)
Newborn care All 6 building blocks
Kane and al. (2018) [30] Exploratory qualitative study (FGD (n=4), in-depth interviews (n=44) Wau county Married women, 18- 35 years of old; unmarried women, 18- 35 years of old; men older than 35 years; men younger than 35 years health workers Gender norms related to reproductive health Community level
Kane and al. (2019) [46] Exploratory qualitative study (individual interviews) Wau county Teenage females and males (in school, out school, with child, no child)
Reproductive health (teenage pregnancy, views of childbearing) Community level