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Table 7 Breastfeeding duration

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

 All yearsYear 2006Year 2011
VariablesCoefficientHazard ratioCoefficientHazard ratioCoefficientHazard ratio
Average casualty rate0.1191.1737−0.270***0.76330.463***1.7221
(0.175) (0.0949) (0.142) 
Health
 Low birthweight (below 2.5 kg)0.137**1.16130.08611.09000.144**1.1785
(0.0557) (0.141) (0.0583) 
 ANC with skilled personnel0.0745**1.09180.1411.15090.0747**1.0929
(0.0333) (0.228) (0.0361) 
 Childbirth with skilled personnel0.146***1.18040.08591.08970.163***1.2044
(0.0397) (0.210) (0.0397) 
 C-section birth0.119**1.1178−0.05580.94570.140**1.1403
(0.0532) (0.0930) (0.0614) 
 Contraception−0.105***0.9146−0.327***0.7214−0.0916***0.9166
(0.0335) (0.114) (0.0334) 
Individual/household
 Male child−0.0996***0.9125−0.118*0.8888−0.0971***0.9160
(0.0270) (0.0611) (0.0298) 
 Children ever born0.0273*1.03120.644***1.90490.0341***1.0391
(0.0145) (0.172) (0.0118) 
 Dead children0.01771.0162−0.706**0.49340.02351.0219
(0.0326) (0.294) (0.0340) 
 Primaparous mother0.04171.03440.2721.31320.04311.0355
(0.0572) (0.193) (0.0608) 
 Child marriage−0.224***0.7999−0.2230.8001−0.219***0.8035
(0.0380) (0.161) (0.0369) 
 Husband-wife age difference−0.003830.99610.002641.0026−0.00488*0.9949
(0.00239) (0.0108) (0.00277) 
 Age of mother−0.0371***0.9623−0.01510.9850−0.0414***0.9578
(0.00483) (0.0158) (0.00434) 
 Primary education of mother0.05651.0678−0.1341.87460.0799**1.0948
(0.0345) (0.102) (0.0353) 
 Secondary education of mother0.171***1.1876−0.08670.90700.204***1.2283
(0.0480) (0.112) (0.0552) 
 Mother works0.02541.0352−0.1300.87800.02161.0305
(0.0746) (0.109) (0.0772) 
 Female household head0.001161.0242−0.1490.86150.04601.0813
(0.0929) (0.151) (0.113) 
Regional
 Urban0.04501.05370.1331.14200.04061.0497
(0.0444) (0.107) (0.0460) 
 Kurd0.405***1.52400.383***1.46680.410***1.5363
(0.0442) (0.128) (0.0491) 
 Sunni0.216**1.22490.1731.18880.1181.0976
(0.108) (0.180) (0.113) 
 Year is 20110.02401.0233    
(0.0177)     
 Observations13,812 1924 11,888 
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1