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Table 7 Breastfeeding duration

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

  All years Year 2006 Year 2011
Variables Coefficient Hazard ratio Coefficient Hazard ratio Coefficient Hazard ratio
Average casualty rate 0.119 1.1737 −0.270*** 0.7633 0.463*** 1.7221
(0.175)   (0.0949)   (0.142)  
Health
 Low birthweight (below 2.5 kg) 0.137** 1.1613 0.0861 1.0900 0.144** 1.1785
(0.0557)   (0.141)   (0.0583)  
 ANC with skilled personnel 0.0745** 1.0918 0.141 1.1509 0.0747** 1.0929
(0.0333)   (0.228)   (0.0361)  
 Childbirth with skilled personnel 0.146*** 1.1804 0.0859 1.0897 0.163*** 1.2044
(0.0397)   (0.210)   (0.0397)  
 C-section birth 0.119** 1.1178 −0.0558 0.9457 0.140** 1.1403
(0.0532)   (0.0930)   (0.0614)  
 Contraception −0.105*** 0.9146 −0.327*** 0.7214 −0.0916*** 0.9166
(0.0335)   (0.114)   (0.0334)  
Individual/household
 Male child −0.0996*** 0.9125 −0.118* 0.8888 −0.0971*** 0.9160
(0.0270)   (0.0611)   (0.0298)  
 Children ever born 0.0273* 1.0312 0.644*** 1.9049 0.0341*** 1.0391
(0.0145)   (0.172)   (0.0118)  
 Dead children 0.0177 1.0162 −0.706** 0.4934 0.0235 1.0219
(0.0326)   (0.294)   (0.0340)  
 Primaparous mother 0.0417 1.0344 0.272 1.3132 0.0431 1.0355
(0.0572)   (0.193)   (0.0608)  
 Child marriage −0.224*** 0.7999 −0.223 0.8001 −0.219*** 0.8035
(0.0380)   (0.161)   (0.0369)  
 Husband-wife age difference −0.00383 0.9961 0.00264 1.0026 −0.00488* 0.9949
(0.00239)   (0.0108)   (0.00277)  
 Age of mother −0.0371*** 0.9623 −0.0151 0.9850 −0.0414*** 0.9578
(0.00483)   (0.0158)   (0.00434)  
 Primary education of mother 0.0565 1.0678 −0.134 1.8746 0.0799** 1.0948
(0.0345)   (0.102)   (0.0353)  
 Secondary education of mother 0.171*** 1.1876 −0.0867 0.9070 0.204*** 1.2283
(0.0480)   (0.112)   (0.0552)  
 Mother works 0.0254 1.0352 −0.130 0.8780 0.0216 1.0305
(0.0746)   (0.109)   (0.0772)  
 Female household head 0.00116 1.0242 −0.149 0.8615 0.0460 1.0813
(0.0929)   (0.151)   (0.113)  
Regional
 Urban 0.0450 1.0537 0.133 1.1420 0.0406 1.0497
(0.0444)   (0.107)   (0.0460)  
 Kurd 0.405*** 1.5240 0.383*** 1.4668 0.410*** 1.5363
(0.0442)   (0.128)   (0.0491)  
 Sunni 0.216** 1.2249 0.173 1.1888 0.118 1.0976
(0.108)   (0.180)   (0.113)  
 Year is 2011 0.0240 1.0233     
(0.0177)      
 Observations 13,812   1924   11,888  
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1