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Table 5 Breastfeeding status, including controls for household wealth (2011 only)

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

VARIABLESEver breastfedBreastfed one hour after birthExclusively breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding (all ages)Currently breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding
(6–24 months)
Average casualty rate−0.429**− 0.260− 0.663− 0.420***−0.515**− 0.434***
(0.206)(0.501)(0.495)(0.0955)(0.221)(0.115)
[−0.0544][−0.103][− 0.179][− 0.152][−0.0927][− 0.170]
Wealth
 Quintile 1−0.04800.190*0.02270.102*0.1210.137**
(0.0837)(0.0987)(0.140)(0.0539)(0.107)(0.0594)
[−0.00615][0.0752][0.00616][0.0365][0.0213][0.0533]
 Quintile 20.01770.05900.1500.08470.1090.0738
(0.0863)(0.0668)(0.118)(0.0532)(0.109)(0.0503)
[0.00223][0.0234][0.0419][0.0302][0.0189][0.0288]
 Quintile 30.002910.03250.03340.01050.007650.0237
(0.0885)(0.0858)(0.119)(0.0396)(0.0800)(0.0447)
[0.000368][0.0129][0.00912][0.00377][0.00137][0.00926]
 Quintile 40.0364−0.04340.0356−0.002900.0272− 0.0213
(0.0618)(0.0426)(0.122)(0.0542)(0.109)(0.0469)
[0.00453][−0.0171][0.00973][−0.00105][0.00483][−0.00835]
Other controls
 HealthYesYesYesYesYesYes
 Individual / HouseholdYesYesYesYesYesYes
 RegionalYesYesYesYesYesYes
 Constant2.019***0.276−0.732***0.999***1.588***0.394**
(0.126)(0.169)(0.279)(0.112)(0.330)(0.157)
 Observations12,65311,646343711,52534378093
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. Marginal effects in brackets, evaluated at the mean. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. All regressions use the same set of controls as in Table 3. Highest wealth quintile omitted