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Table 5 Breastfeeding status, including controls for household wealth (2011 only)

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

VARIABLES Ever breastfed Breastfed one hour after birth Exclusively breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding (all ages) Currently breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding
(6–24 months)
Average casualty rate −0.429** − 0.260 − 0.663 − 0.420*** −0.515** − 0.434***
(0.206) (0.501) (0.495) (0.0955) (0.221) (0.115)
[−0.0544] [−0.103] [− 0.179] [− 0.152] [−0.0927] [− 0.170]
Wealth
 Quintile 1 −0.0480 0.190* 0.0227 0.102* 0.121 0.137**
(0.0837) (0.0987) (0.140) (0.0539) (0.107) (0.0594)
[−0.00615] [0.0752] [0.00616] [0.0365] [0.0213] [0.0533]
 Quintile 2 0.0177 0.0590 0.150 0.0847 0.109 0.0738
(0.0863) (0.0668) (0.118) (0.0532) (0.109) (0.0503)
[0.00223] [0.0234] [0.0419] [0.0302] [0.0189] [0.0288]
 Quintile 3 0.00291 0.0325 0.0334 0.0105 0.00765 0.0237
(0.0885) (0.0858) (0.119) (0.0396) (0.0800) (0.0447)
[0.000368] [0.0129] [0.00912] [0.00377] [0.00137] [0.00926]
 Quintile 4 0.0364 −0.0434 0.0356 −0.00290 0.0272 − 0.0213
(0.0618) (0.0426) (0.122) (0.0542) (0.109) (0.0469)
[0.00453] [−0.0171] [0.00973] [−0.00105] [0.00483] [−0.00835]
Other controls
 Health Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Individual / Household Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Regional Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Constant 2.019*** 0.276 −0.732*** 0.999*** 1.588*** 0.394**
(0.126) (0.169) (0.279) (0.112) (0.330) (0.157)
 Observations 12,653 11,646 3437 11,525 3437 8093
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. Marginal effects in brackets, evaluated at the mean. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. All regressions use the same set of controls as in Table 3. Highest wealth quintile omitted