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Table 4 Coefficient on conflict rate – Different measures of conflict, disaggregated by survey year

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

VARIABLES Ever breastfed Breastfed one hour after birth Exclusively breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding (all ages) Currently breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding
(6–24 months)
Average casualty rate in 3 years prior to survey in governorate of household
 2006 and 2011 merged
  Casualty rate −0.306** − 0.209 − 0.0973 −0.205* − 0.343** −0.167
(0.126) (0.293) (0.306) (0.l09) (0.169) (0.127)
[−0.0375] [− 0.0817] [− 0.0274] [− 0.0730] [− 0.0609] [− 0.0649]
 2011 only
  Casualty rate − 0.430** − 0.267 − 0.674 −0.416*** − 0.640*** −0.446***
(0.197) (0.486) (0.582) (0.0905) (0.234) (0.112)
[− 0.0545] [− 0.106] [− 0.183] [0.150] [− 0.117] [− 0.175]
 2006 only
  Casualty rate −0.201 − 0.186 0.144 0.00535 −0.287** 0.139
(0.140) (0.274) (0.280) (0.0761) (0.137) (0.0934)
[−0.0184] [−0.0625] [0.0460] [0.00168] [−0.0445] [0.0508]
Average casualty rate in 2 years prior to birth of child in governorate of household
 2006 and 2011 merged
  Casualty rate −0.198** − 0.127 − 0.223 −0.242** − 0.0892 −0.405**
(0.0995) (0.160) (0.103) (0.110) (0.0760) (0.171)
[−0.0225] [− 0.0499] [− 0.00626] [− 0.0861] [− 0.0159] [− 0.158]
 2011 only
  Casualty rate −0.391 −0.558 − 0.785 −1.652*** −1.039 − 1.364***
(0.325) (0.551) (1.232) (0.364) (0.648) (0.260)
[−0.0457] [−0.221] [− 0.213] [− 0.595] [−0.190] [− 0.533]
 2006 only
  Casualty rate −0.200*** −0.0534 − 0.113 0.121 − 0.119 0.0835
(0.0603) (0.199) (0.0894) (0.101) (0.0810) (0.0814)
[−0.0173] [− 0.0180] [− 0.0361] [0.0378] [− 0.0184] [0.0304]
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. Marginal effects in brackets, evaluated at the mean. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. All regressions use the same set of controls as in Table 3