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Table 4 Coefficient on conflict rate – Different measures of conflict, disaggregated by survey year

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

VARIABLESEver breastfedBreastfed one hour after birthExclusively breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding (all ages)Currently breastfeeding
(< 6 months)
Currently breastfeeding
(6–24 months)
Average casualty rate in 3 years prior to survey in governorate of household
 2006 and 2011 merged
  Casualty rate−0.306**− 0.209− 0.0973−0.205*− 0.343**−0.167
(0.126)(0.293)(0.306)(0.l09)(0.169)(0.127)
[−0.0375][− 0.0817][− 0.0274][− 0.0730][− 0.0609][− 0.0649]
 2011 only
  Casualty rate− 0.430**− 0.267− 0.674−0.416***− 0.640***−0.446***
(0.197)(0.486)(0.582)(0.0905)(0.234)(0.112)
[− 0.0545][− 0.106][− 0.183][0.150][− 0.117][− 0.175]
 2006 only
  Casualty rate−0.201− 0.1860.1440.00535−0.287**0.139
(0.140)(0.274)(0.280)(0.0761)(0.137)(0.0934)
[−0.0184][−0.0625][0.0460][0.00168][−0.0445][0.0508]
Average casualty rate in 2 years prior to birth of child in governorate of household
 2006 and 2011 merged
  Casualty rate−0.198**− 0.127− 0.223−0.242**− 0.0892−0.405**
(0.0995)(0.160)(0.103)(0.110)(0.0760)(0.171)
[−0.0225][− 0.0499][− 0.00626][− 0.0861][− 0.0159][− 0.158]
 2011 only
  Casualty rate−0.391−0.558− 0.785−1.652***−1.039− 1.364***
(0.325)(0.551)(1.232)(0.364)(0.648)(0.260)
[−0.0457][−0.221][− 0.213][− 0.595][−0.190][− 0.533]
 2006 only
  Casualty rate−0.200***−0.0534− 0.1130.121− 0.1190.0835
(0.0603)(0.199)(0.0894)(0.101)(0.0810)(0.0814)
[−0.0173][− 0.0180][− 0.0361][0.0378][− 0.0184][0.0304]
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered at level of governorate. Marginal effects in brackets, evaluated at the mean. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1. All regressions use the same set of controls as in Table 3