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Table 1 Description of variables

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

VariableDescription
Conflict
 Average casualty rateAverage conflict-related casualty rate, per 1000 population, in three years preceding survey, in governorate of household
 Pre-birth casualty rateAverage conflict-related casualty rate, per 1000 population, two years prior to birth of child, in governorate of household
Breastfeeding
 Child ever breastfedBinary indicating if child has ever been breastfed
 Hours to breastfeedingBinary indicating if the child was breastfed within one hour of birth
 Exclusive breastfeedingBinary indicating if the child is only breastfed (=1) or receives any other liquids or solids (=0)
 Current breastfeedingBinary indicating if child was breastfed at time of survey
 Milk or infant formulaBinary indicating if child is receiving milk or infant formula
Health
 Low birthweight below 2.5 kgBinary indicating if child had low birthweight at birth, defined as being below 2.5 kg
 ANC with skilled personnelBinary indicating if mother received antenatal care by a health professional (doctor, midwife, or nurse) or licensed birth attendant
 Childbirth with skilled personnelBinary indicating if child was delivered by a health professional or licensed birth attendant
 Birth by caesarean sectionBinary indicating if mother had a caesarean section
 ContraceptionBinary indicating if mother or father is currently practicing one of the following methods of contraception: sterilization, pill, IUD, injections, implants, condom, diaphragm, foam/jelly, lactational amenorrhea method, periodic abstinence, withdrawal
Individual/household
 Male childBinary indicating if the child is male
 Children ever bornNumber of children ever born to the mother
 Dead childrenNumber of children born to mother who passed away
 Primiparous motherBinary indicating if the child is a firstborn
 Child marriageBinary indicating of the mother was married before 18 years
 Husband-wife age differenceAge difference between husband and wife in years
 Age of motherAge of mother in years
 Primary education of motherBinary indicating if mother completed primary education
 Secondary education of motherBinary indicating if mother completed secondary education
 Mother worksBinary indicating if the mother is employed
 Female household headBinary indicating if the household head is female
Regional
 UrbanBinary indicating if household resides in an urban (=1) or rural (=0) area
 KurdBinary indicating if household resides in a Kurd-dominant governorate, found in north-east Iraq
 SunniBinary indicating if household resides in a Sunni-dominant governorate, found in the middle and north-west Iraq