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Table 1 Description of variables

From: Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

Variable Description
Conflict
 Average casualty rate Average conflict-related casualty rate, per 1000 population, in three years preceding survey, in governorate of household
 Pre-birth casualty rate Average conflict-related casualty rate, per 1000 population, two years prior to birth of child, in governorate of household
Breastfeeding
 Child ever breastfed Binary indicating if child has ever been breastfed
 Hours to breastfeeding Binary indicating if the child was breastfed within one hour of birth
 Exclusive breastfeeding Binary indicating if the child is only breastfed (=1) or receives any other liquids or solids (=0)
 Current breastfeeding Binary indicating if child was breastfed at time of survey
 Milk or infant formula Binary indicating if child is receiving milk or infant formula
Health
 Low birthweight below 2.5 kg Binary indicating if child had low birthweight at birth, defined as being below 2.5 kg
 ANC with skilled personnel Binary indicating if mother received antenatal care by a health professional (doctor, midwife, or nurse) or licensed birth attendant
 Childbirth with skilled personnel Binary indicating if child was delivered by a health professional or licensed birth attendant
 Birth by caesarean section Binary indicating if mother had a caesarean section
 Contraception Binary indicating if mother or father is currently practicing one of the following methods of contraception: sterilization, pill, IUD, injections, implants, condom, diaphragm, foam/jelly, lactational amenorrhea method, periodic abstinence, withdrawal
Individual/household
 Male child Binary indicating if the child is male
 Children ever born Number of children ever born to the mother
 Dead children Number of children born to mother who passed away
 Primiparous mother Binary indicating if the child is a firstborn
 Child marriage Binary indicating of the mother was married before 18 years
 Husband-wife age difference Age difference between husband and wife in years
 Age of mother Age of mother in years
 Primary education of mother Binary indicating if mother completed primary education
 Secondary education of mother Binary indicating if mother completed secondary education
 Mother works Binary indicating if the mother is employed
 Female household head Binary indicating if the household head is female
Regional
 Urban Binary indicating if household resides in an urban (=1) or rural (=0) area
 Kurd Binary indicating if household resides in a Kurd-dominant governorate, found in north-east Iraq
 Sunni Binary indicating if household resides in a Sunni-dominant governorate, found in the middle and north-west Iraq