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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression of factors associated with recent IPV among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda (N = 233)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

  1 type of violence experience + 1 type of violence experience
Indicators Unadjusted OR (95 CI) Adjusted OR (95 CI) Unadjusted OR (95 CI) Adjusted OR (95 CI)
Socio-demographic factors
Age 0.86 (0.73, 1.01)   0.99 (0.85, 1.17)  
Time in Uganda (>1 year = 0)
 1–5 years 5.00 (0.76, 32.77)   1.40 (0.34, 5.71)  
 <5 years 3.90 (0.59, 25.70)   0.58 (0.14, 2.43)  
Relationship status (currently single = 0)
 Dating one partner/married 4.10 (1.64, 10.22)** 3.37 (1.22, 9.31)* 2.16 (0.87, 5.35) 1.25 (0.44, 3.40)
 Casual dating/multiple partners 0.11 (0.01, 1.04) 0.08 (0.01, 0.78)* 2.59 (0.88, 7.58) 1.70 (0.47, 6.11)
Intrapersonal factors
Mobile phone ownership and use (no = 1) 2.73 (1.01, 7.35)* 2.21 (0.72, 6.80) 2.77 (1.06, 7.24)* 3.65 (1.15, 11.60)*
Mobile App usage (no = 0)
 >1 5.49 (0.95, 31.59)   0.99 (0.19, 5.15)  
 +1 2.60 (0.60, 11.20)   1.42 (0.41, 4.93)  
Depression (no symptoms = 0) 2.49 (1.03, 6.02)* 2.24 (0.81, 6.21) 2.39 (1.02, 5.63)* 3.17 (1.14, 8.83)*
Interpersonal factors
Experienced victimization as a child (no = 0)
 I type of violence 1.49 (0.51, 4.29)   1.69 (0.59, 4.82)  
 +1 type violence 1.23 (0.48, 3.12)   1.54 (0.61, 3.87)  
Lifetime transactional sex (no = 0) 0.53 (0.21, 1.37) 0.75 (0.25, 2.25) 2.88 (1.22, 6.77)* 2.20 (0.81, 5.94)
Sexual relationship power 1.05 (0.98, 1.12) 1.07 (0.98, 1.16) 0.87 (0.81, 0.94)*** 0.84 (0.76, 0.92)***
Community factors
Adolescent SRH stigma 1.06 (0.96, 1.69)   0.99 (0.91, 1.09)  
Food insecurity (no = 0) 0.89 (0.37, 2.16)   0.79 (0.33, 1.88)  
Perceived Community safety (not safe = 0) 0.69 (0. 30, 1.61)   0.60 (0.2, 1.33)  
  1. Reference group consists of participants reporting no experience of intimate partner violence in the last 12 months. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; AGYW, adolescent girls and young women. Final adjusted model included: relationship status, mobile phone ownership, depression, lifetime transactional sex, sexual relationship power, adolescent SRH stigma. *p = < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.000