Skip to main content

Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression findings of factors associated with violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda (N = 333)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Indicators 1 type of violence reported + 1 type of violence reported
Unadjusted OR (95 CI) Adjusted OR (95 CI) Unadjusted OR (95 CI) Adjusted OR (95 CI)
Socio-demographic factors
Age 1.13 (1.03, 1.24)** 1.07 (0.92, 1.24) 1.23 (1.06, 1.43)** 1.22 (0.97, 1.53)
Time in Uganda (> 1 year = 0)
 1–5 years 2.24 (0.83, 6.06)   1.81 (0.38, 8.53)  
 <5 years 3.08 (0.99, 8.49)   1.15 (0.22, 6.02)  
Relationship status (single = 0)
 Dating one partner/married 1.67 (1.01, 2.75)* 1.18 (0.55, 2.55) 1.86 (0.78, 4.42) 1.24 (0.33, 4.61)
 Casual dating/multiple partners 2.55 (1.14, 5.70)* 1.95 (0.63, 6.03) 3.14 (0.92, 10.76) 1.06 (0.17, 6.73)
Intrapersonal factors
Mobile phone ownership and use (Reference: No phone = 1) 1.90 (1.14, 3.18)* 0.57 (0.20, 1.66) 1.10 (0.48, 2.51) 0.34 (0.07, 1.66)
Mobile App usage (No = 0)
 >1 1.37 (0.63, 2.96) 2.91 (0.57, 14.97) 0.99 (0.19, 5.15) 0.15 (0.01, 1.59)
 +1 3.29 (1.80, 6.02)*** 9.19 (2.09, 40.42)** 1.21 (0.52, 2.81) 1.06 (0.25, 4.52)
Depression (no symptoms = 0) 2.45 (1.45, 4.15)*** 3.17 (1.43, 7.02)** 5.33 (1.55, 18.34) 5.72 (1.29, 25.38)*
Interpersonal factors
Experienced victimization as a child (no = 0)
 I type of violence 2.02 (1.13, 3.63)** 3.97 (1.70, 9.27)*** 0.89 (0.24, 1.60)** 1.08 (0.19, 6.09)
 +1 type violence 2.41 (1.37, 4.24)** 3.65 (1.59, 8.39)** 4.29 (1.60, 11.45)** 5.08 (1.38, 18.64)*
Lifetime transactional sex (no = 0) 1.88 (1.08, 3.25)* 2.14 (0.95, 4.85) 5.96 (2.59, 13.71)*** 2.39 (0.67, 8.48)
Sexual relationship power 1.04 (1.00, 1.08)* 1.06 (1.01, 1.12)* 1.04 (0.98, 1.09) 1.09 (1.00, 1.19)*
Community factors
Adolescent SRH stigma 1.09 (1.03, 1.15)** 1.15 (1.05, 1.28)** 1.14 (1.02, 1.28)* 1.12 (0.96, 1.32)
Food insecurity (no = 0) 0.71 (0.44, 1.17) 0.98 (0.48, 2.07) 5.44 (1.24, 23.79)* 7.15 (1.32, 38.89)*
Perceived Community safety (unsafe = 0) 0.91 (0.58, 1.44)   0.65 (0.30, 1.41)  
  1. Reference group consists of participants reporting no experience of violence after the age of 16. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; AGYW, adolescent girls and young women. Final adjusted model included: age, relationship status, mobile phone ownership, mobile app usage, depression, childhood violence, lifetime transactional sex, sexual relationship power, adolescent SRH stigma, food insecurity and community safety. *p = < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.000