Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression findings of factors associated with violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda (N = 333)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Indicators1 type of violence reported+ 1 type of violence reported
Unadjusted OR (95 CI)Adjusted OR (95 CI)Unadjusted OR (95 CI)Adjusted OR (95 CI)
Socio-demographic factors
Age1.13 (1.03, 1.24)**1.07 (0.92, 1.24)1.23 (1.06, 1.43)**1.22 (0.97, 1.53)
Time in Uganda (> 1 year = 0)
 1–5 years2.24 (0.83, 6.06) 1.81 (0.38, 8.53) 
 <5 years3.08 (0.99, 8.49) 1.15 (0.22, 6.02) 
Relationship status (single = 0)
 Dating one partner/married1.67 (1.01, 2.75)*1.18 (0.55, 2.55)1.86 (0.78, 4.42)1.24 (0.33, 4.61)
 Casual dating/multiple partners2.55 (1.14, 5.70)*1.95 (0.63, 6.03)3.14 (0.92, 10.76)1.06 (0.17, 6.73)
Intrapersonal factors
Mobile phone ownership and use (Reference: No phone = 1)1.90 (1.14, 3.18)*0.57 (0.20, 1.66)1.10 (0.48, 2.51)0.34 (0.07, 1.66)
Mobile App usage (No = 0)
 >11.37 (0.63, 2.96)2.91 (0.57, 14.97)0.99 (0.19, 5.15)0.15 (0.01, 1.59)
 +13.29 (1.80, 6.02)***9.19 (2.09, 40.42)**1.21 (0.52, 2.81)1.06 (0.25, 4.52)
Depression (no symptoms = 0)2.45 (1.45, 4.15)***3.17 (1.43, 7.02)**5.33 (1.55, 18.34)5.72 (1.29, 25.38)*
Interpersonal factors
Experienced victimization as a child (no = 0)
 I type of violence2.02 (1.13, 3.63)**3.97 (1.70, 9.27)***0.89 (0.24, 1.60)**1.08 (0.19, 6.09)
 +1 type violence2.41 (1.37, 4.24)**3.65 (1.59, 8.39)**4.29 (1.60, 11.45)**5.08 (1.38, 18.64)*
Lifetime transactional sex (no = 0)1.88 (1.08, 3.25)*2.14 (0.95, 4.85)5.96 (2.59, 13.71)***2.39 (0.67, 8.48)
Sexual relationship power1.04 (1.00, 1.08)*1.06 (1.01, 1.12)*1.04 (0.98, 1.09)1.09 (1.00, 1.19)*
Community factors
Adolescent SRH stigma1.09 (1.03, 1.15)**1.15 (1.05, 1.28)**1.14 (1.02, 1.28)*1.12 (0.96, 1.32)
Food insecurity (no = 0)0.71 (0.44, 1.17)0.98 (0.48, 2.07)5.44 (1.24, 23.79)*7.15 (1.32, 38.89)*
Perceived Community safety (unsafe = 0)0.91 (0.58, 1.44) 0.65 (0.30, 1.41) 
  1. Reference group consists of participants reporting no experience of violence after the age of 16. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; AGYW, adolescent girls and young women. Final adjusted model included: age, relationship status, mobile phone ownership, mobile app usage, depression, childhood violence, lifetime transactional sex, sexual relationship power, adolescent SRH stigma, food insecurity and community safety. *p = < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.000