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Table 2 Past 12-month intimate partner violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala (N = 233)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic factorTotal NOverall (N = 233)No violence reported (N = 33, 14.2%)1 type of violence reported (N = 91, 39.1%)+ 1 type of violence reported (N = 109, 46.8%)P value
N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)
Age at interview date (years)233Mean = 20.01, SD = 2.48Range = 16–24Mean = 20.36, SD = 2.48Range = 16–24Mean = 19.47, SD = 2.35Range = 16–24Mean = 20.35, SD = 2.54Range = 16–24< 0.030
Education233        < 0.016
 Less than post-secondary school 116(49.8)14(42.4)56(61.8)46(42.7) 
 Post-secondary education 117(50.2)19(57.6)35(38.5)63(57.8) 
Country of birth233        < 0.000
 South Sudan 23(9.9)4(12.1)13(14.3)6(5.5) 
 Burundi 83(35.8)17(51.5)11(12.1)55(50.5) 
 DR Congo 98(42.1)6(18.2)56(61.5)36(33.0) 
 Rwanda 17(7.3)4(12.1)4(4.4)9(8.3) 
 Others 12(5.2)2(6.1)7(7.7)3(2.8) 
Immigration status231        < 0.130
 Refugees213(92.2)29(87.9)86(96.6)98(89.9) 
 Asylum seeker/undocumented18(7.8)4(12.1)3(3.4)11(10.1) 
Time in Uganda 233        < 0.031
 > 1 year15(6.4)3(9.1)2(2.2)10(9.2) 
 1–5 years135(57.9)15(45.5)50(54.9)70(64.2) 
 > 5 years83(35.6)15(45.5)39(42.9)29(26.6) 
Employment233        0.000
 Students93(39.9)18(54.5)46(50.5)29(26.6) 
 Employed 43(18.5)2(6.1)10(11.0)31(28.4) 
 Unemployed 97(41.6)13(39.4)35(38.5)49(45.0) 
Relationship status226       < 0.000
 No current partner 66(29.2)15(46.9)22(24.7)29(27.6) 
 Dating one partner/married 123(54.4)11(34.4)66(74.2)46(43.8) 
 Casual dating/multiple partners 37(16.4)6(18.8)1(1.1)30(28.6) 
Mobile phone ownership and use233        0.66
 No 3314.29(4.7)11(12.1)13(11.9) 
 Yes 20085.824(72.7)80(87.9)96(88.1) 
Mobile App usage333        0.31
 No 187.74(12.1)4(4.4)10(8.4) 
 >1 3615.54(12.1)22(24.2)10(16.8) 
 +1 17976.825(75.8)65(71.4)89(81.7) 
Depressive symptoms333        0.079
 No 8726.1312(36.4)17(18.7)21(19.3) 
 Yes 24673.8721(63.6)74(81.3)88(80.7) 
transactional sex engagement229        0.000
 No 150(65.5)24(72.7)75(83.3)51(48.1) 
 Yes 79(34.5)9(27.3)15(16.7)55(51.9) 
Sexual Relationship Power233Mean = 30.33, SD = 6.40Range = 11–44Mean = 31.58, SD = 5.85Range = 22–44Mean = 33.36, SD = 6.22Range = 22–44Mean = 27.42, SD = 6.26Range = 11–440.000
Adolescent sexual and reproductive health stigma233Mean = 13.68, SD = 4.08Range = 1–19Mean = 13.36, SD = 4.82Range = 1–19Mean = 14.30, SD = 3.35Range = 4–19Mean = 13.27, SD = 3.87Range = 3–190.185
Food insecurity233        0.850
 No 71(30.5)9(27.3)27(29.7)35(32.1) 
 Yes 162(65.5)24(72.7)64(70.3)74(67.9) 
Perceived Community safety233        0.436
 Not safe 99(42.5)11(33.3)38(41.8)50(45.9) 
 Safe 134(57.5)22(66.7)53(58.2)59(54.1) 
  1. Note: 1. P-values were calculated using ANOVA or Chi square test
  2. *Types of violence included verbal, physical, and sexual violence