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Table 2 Past 12-month intimate partner violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala (N = 233)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic factor Total N Overall (N = 233) No violence reported (N = 33, 14.2%) 1 type of violence reported (N = 91, 39.1%) + 1 type of violence reported (N = 109, 46.8%) P value
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age at interview date (years) 233 Mean = 20.01, SD = 2.48 Range = 16–24 Mean = 20.36, SD = 2.48 Range = 16–24 Mean = 19.47, SD = 2.35 Range = 16–24 Mean = 20.35, SD = 2.54 Range = 16–24 < 0.030
Education 233          < 0.016
 Less than post-secondary school   116 (49.8) 14 (42.4) 56 (61.8) 46 (42.7)  
 Post-secondary education   117 (50.2) 19 (57.6) 35 (38.5) 63 (57.8)  
Country of birth 233          < 0.000
 South Sudan   23 (9.9) 4 (12.1) 13 (14.3) 6 (5.5)  
 Burundi   83 (35.8) 17 (51.5) 11 (12.1) 55 (50.5)  
 DR Congo   98 (42.1) 6 (18.2) 56 (61.5) 36 (33.0)  
 Rwanda   17 (7.3) 4 (12.1) 4 (4.4) 9 (8.3)  
 Others   12 (5.2) 2 (6.1) 7 (7.7) 3 (2.8)  
Immigration status 231          < 0.130
 Refugees 213 (92.2) 29 (87.9) 86 (96.6) 98 (89.9)  
 Asylum seeker/undocumented 18 (7.8) 4 (12.1) 3 (3.4) 11 (10.1)  
Time in Uganda 233          < 0.031
 > 1 year 15 (6.4) 3 (9.1) 2 (2.2) 10 (9.2)  
 1–5 years 135 (57.9) 15 (45.5) 50 (54.9) 70 (64.2)  
 > 5 years 83 (35.6) 15 (45.5) 39 (42.9) 29 (26.6)  
Employment 233          0.000
 Students 93 (39.9) 18 (54.5) 46 (50.5) 29 (26.6)  
 Employed   43 (18.5) 2 (6.1) 10 (11.0) 31 (28.4)  
 Unemployed   97 (41.6) 13 (39.4) 35 (38.5) 49 (45.0)  
Relationship status 226         < 0.000
 No current partner   66 (29.2) 15 (46.9) 22 (24.7) 29 (27.6)  
 Dating one partner/married   123 (54.4) 11 (34.4) 66 (74.2) 46 (43.8)  
 Casual dating/multiple partners   37 (16.4) 6 (18.8) 1 (1.1) 30 (28.6)  
Mobile phone ownership and use 233          0.66
 No   33 14.2 9 (4.7) 11 (12.1) 13 (11.9)  
 Yes   200 85.8 24 (72.7) 80 (87.9) 96 (88.1)  
Mobile App usage 333          0.31
 No   18 7.7 4 (12.1) 4 (4.4) 10 (8.4)  
 >1   36 15.5 4 (12.1) 22 (24.2) 10 (16.8)  
 +1   179 76.8 25 (75.8) 65 (71.4) 89 (81.7)  
Depressive symptoms 333          0.079
 No   87 26.13 12 (36.4) 17 (18.7) 21 (19.3)  
 Yes   246 73.87 21 (63.6) 74 (81.3) 88 (80.7)  
transactional sex engagement 229          0.000
 No   150 (65.5) 24 (72.7) 75 (83.3) 51 (48.1)  
 Yes   79 (34.5) 9 (27.3) 15 (16.7) 55 (51.9)  
Sexual Relationship Power 233 Mean = 30.33, SD = 6.40 Range = 11–44 Mean = 31.58, SD = 5.85 Range = 22–44 Mean = 33.36, SD = 6.22 Range = 22–44 Mean = 27.42, SD = 6.26 Range = 11–44 0.000
Adolescent sexual and reproductive health stigma 233 Mean = 13.68, SD = 4.08 Range = 1–19 Mean = 13.36, SD = 4.82 Range = 1–19 Mean = 14.30, SD = 3.35 Range = 4–19 Mean = 13.27, SD = 3.87 Range = 3–19 0.185
Food insecurity 233          0.850
 No   71 (30.5) 9 (27.3) 27 (29.7) 35 (32.1)  
 Yes   162 (65.5) 24 (72.7) 64 (70.3) 74 (67.9)  
Perceived Community safety 233          0.436
 Not safe   99 (42.5) 11 (33.3) 38 (41.8) 50 (45.9)  
 Safe   134 (57.5) 22 (66.7) 53 (58.2) 59 (54.1)  
  1. Note: 1. P-values were calculated using ANOVA or Chi square test
  2. *Types of violence included verbal, physical, and sexual violence