Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic factors and violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda (N = 333)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic factor Total N Overall (N = 333) No violence reported (N = 154, 46.2%) 1 type of violence reported (N = 148, 44.4%) +1 type of violence reported (N = 31, 9.3%) P value
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age at interview date (years) 333 Mean = 19.31, SD = 2.56 Range = 16–24 Mean = 18.84, SD = 2.36 Range = 16–24 Mean = 19.60, SD = 2.64 Range = 16–24 Mean = 20.23, SD = 2.75 Range = 16–24 < 0.004
Education 333          < 0.355
 Less than post-secondary school   190 (57.1) 93 (60.4) 78 (52.7) 19 (61.3)  
 Post-secondary education   143 (42.9) 61 (39.6) 70 (47.3) 12 (38.7)  
Country of birth 333          < 0.034
 South Sudan   30 (9.0) 5 (3.2) 20 (13.5) 5 (16.1)  
 Burundi   111 (33.3) 51 (33.1) 53 (35.8) 7 (22.6)  
 DR Congo   153 (45.9) 80 (51.9) 58 (39.2) 15 (48.4)  
 Rwanda   19 (5.7) 8 (5.2) 10 (6.8) 1 (3.2)  
 Others   20 (6.0) 10 (6.5) 7 (4.7) 3 (9.7)  
Immigration status 330          < 0.325
 Refugees 305 (92.4) 136 (90.1) 140 (94.6) 29 (93.5)  
 Asylum seeker/undocumented 25 (7.6) 15 (9.9) 8 (5.4) 2 (6.5)  
Time in Uganda 333          < 0.106
 >1 year 209 (62.8) 15 (9.7) 6 (4.1) 2 (6.5)  
 1–5 years 84 (25.2) 87 (56.5) 78 (52.7) 21 (67.7)  
 <5 years 40 (12.0) 52 (33.8) 64 (43.2) 8 (25.8)  
Employment 333          0.000
 Students 155 (46.5) 71 (46.1) 73 (49.3) 11 (35.5)  
 Employed   46 (13.8) 9 (5.8) 34 (23.0) 3 (9.7)  
 Unemployed   132 (39.6) 74 (48.1) 41 (27.7) 17 (54.8)  
Relationship status 312         < 0.071
 No current partner   144 (46.2) 76 (54.7) 57 (39.9) 11 (36.7)  
 Dating one partner/married   131 (42.0) 52 (37.4) 65 (45.5) 14 (46.7)  
 Casual dating/multiple partners   37 (11.9) 11 (7.9) 21 (14.7) 5 (16.7)  
Mobile phone ownership and use 333          0.043
 No   95 28.53 53 (34.4) 32 (21.6) 10 (32.3)  
 Yes   238 71.47 101 (65.6) 116 (78.4) 21 (67.7)  
Mobile App usage 333          0.000
 No   76 22.82 46 (29.9) 20 (13.5) 10 (32.3)  
  > 1   52 15.62 32 (20.8) 19 (12.8) 1 (3.2)  
  + 1   205 61.56 76 (49.4) 109 (73.6) 20 (64.5)  
Depressive symptoms 333          0.000
 No   87 26.13 56 (36.4) 28 (18.9) 3 (9.7)  
 Yes   246 73.87 98 (63.6) 120 (81.1) 28 (90.3)  
Transactional sex engagement 324          0.000
 No   238 (73.5) 123 (82.0) 102 (70.8) 13 (43.3)  
 Yes   86 (26.5) 27 (18.0) 42 (29.2) 17 (56.7)  
Sexual relationship power 248 Mean = 30.27, SD = 6.40 Range = 11–44 Mean = 29.16, SD = 5.04 Range = 11–44 Mean = 31.19, SD = 7.34 Range = 11–44 Mean = 30.57, SD = 6.26 Range = 13–44 0.061
Adolescent sexual and reproductive health stigma 333 Mean = 13.92, SD = 4.08 Range = 1–19 Mean = 13.13, SD = 4.51 Range = 0–19 Mean = 14.49, SD = 3.35 Range = 5–19 Mean = 15.13, SD = 4.40 Range = 0–19 0.003
Food insecurity 333          0.006
 No   95 (28.5) 42 (27.3) 51 (34.5) 2 (6.5)  
 Yes   238 (71.5) 112 (72.7) 97 (65.5) 29 (93.5)  
Perceived community safety 333          0.544
 Not safe   143 (42.9) 63 (40.9) 64 (43.2) 16 (51.6)  
 Safe   190 (57.1) 91 (59.1) 84 (56.8) 15 (48.4)  
  1. Note: 1. P-values were calculated using ANOVA or Chi square test
  2. *Types of violence included verbal, physical, and sexual violence