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Table 1 Socio-demographic factors and violence among refugee/displaced adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda (N = 333)

From: Social ecological factors associated with experiencing violence among urban refugee and displaced adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic factorTotal NOverall (N = 333)No violence reported (N = 154, 46.2%)1 type of violence reported (N = 148, 44.4%)+1 type of violence reported (N = 31, 9.3%)P value
N(%)N(%)N(%)N(%)
Age at interview date (years)333Mean = 19.31, SD = 2.56Range = 16–24Mean = 18.84, SD = 2.36Range = 16–24Mean = 19.60, SD = 2.64Range = 16–24Mean = 20.23, SD = 2.75Range = 16–24< 0.004
Education333        < 0.355
 Less than post-secondary school 190(57.1)93(60.4)78(52.7)19(61.3) 
 Post-secondary education 143(42.9)61(39.6)70(47.3)12(38.7) 
Country of birth333        < 0.034
 South Sudan 30(9.0)5(3.2)20(13.5)5(16.1) 
 Burundi 111(33.3)51(33.1)53(35.8)7(22.6) 
 DR Congo 153(45.9)80(51.9)58(39.2)15(48.4) 
 Rwanda 19(5.7)8(5.2)10(6.8)1(3.2) 
 Others 20(6.0)10(6.5)7(4.7)3(9.7) 
Immigration status330        < 0.325
 Refugees305(92.4)136(90.1)140(94.6)29(93.5) 
 Asylum seeker/undocumented25(7.6)15(9.9)8(5.4)2(6.5) 
Time in Uganda 333        < 0.106
 >1 year209(62.8)15(9.7)6(4.1)2(6.5) 
 1–5 years84(25.2)87(56.5)78(52.7)21(67.7) 
 <5 years40(12.0)52(33.8)64(43.2)8(25.8) 
Employment333        0.000
 Students155(46.5)71(46.1)73(49.3)11(35.5) 
 Employed 46(13.8)9(5.8)34(23.0)3(9.7) 
 Unemployed 132(39.6)74(48.1)41(27.7)17(54.8) 
Relationship status312       < 0.071
 No current partner 144(46.2)76(54.7)57(39.9)11(36.7) 
 Dating one partner/married 131(42.0)52(37.4)65(45.5)14(46.7) 
 Casual dating/multiple partners 37(11.9)11(7.9)21(14.7)5(16.7) 
Mobile phone ownership and use333        0.043
 No 9528.5353(34.4)32(21.6)10(32.3) 
 Yes 23871.47101(65.6)116(78.4)21(67.7) 
Mobile App usage333        0.000
 No 7622.8246(29.9)20(13.5)10(32.3) 
  > 1 5215.6232(20.8)19(12.8)1(3.2) 
  + 1 20561.5676(49.4)109(73.6)20(64.5) 
Depressive symptoms333        0.000
 No 8726.1356(36.4)28(18.9)3(9.7) 
 Yes 24673.8798(63.6)120(81.1)28(90.3) 
Transactional sex engagement324        0.000
 No 238(73.5)123(82.0)102(70.8)13(43.3) 
 Yes 86(26.5)27(18.0)42(29.2)17(56.7) 
Sexual relationship power248Mean = 30.27, SD = 6.40Range = 11–44Mean = 29.16, SD = 5.04Range = 11–44Mean = 31.19, SD = 7.34Range = 11–44Mean = 30.57, SD = 6.26Range = 13–440.061
Adolescent sexual and reproductive health stigma333Mean = 13.92, SD = 4.08Range = 1–19Mean = 13.13, SD = 4.51Range = 0–19Mean = 14.49, SD = 3.35Range = 5–19Mean = 15.13, SD = 4.40Range = 0–190.003
Food insecurity333        0.006
 No 95(28.5)42(27.3)51(34.5)2(6.5) 
 Yes 238(71.5)112(72.7)97(65.5)29(93.5) 
Perceived community safety333        0.544
 Not safe 143(42.9)63(40.9)64(43.2)16(51.6) 
 Safe 190(57.1)91(59.1)84(56.8)15(48.4) 
  1. Note: 1. P-values were calculated using ANOVA or Chi square test
  2. *Types of violence included verbal, physical, and sexual violence