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Table 4 Predictors of PTSD and depressive symptoms in the North Korean sample

From: Exposure to family and organized violence and associated mental health in north Korean refugee youth compared to south Korean youth

Predictor UPID sum score PHQ-9 sum score
North (n = 62) North (n = 62)
ß r ß r
Age −.06 −.06 −.08 −.20
Number of traumatic events .33* .44 .32* .32
Level of exposure to family violence .27* .33 .48*** .54
Level of exposure to organized violence .12 .31 −.11 .08
  1. adjR2 (UPID sum score) = .220, F = 5.226, p < .01, adjR2 (PHQ-9 sum score) = .318, F = 7.999, p < .001., UPID sum score = PTSD symptom severity; PHQ-9 sum score = depressive symptom severity; Number of traumatic events = the total number of potentially traumatic events (UPID checklist); Level of family violence = the number of lifetime exposure to family violence (CTSPC); Level of organized violence = the number of lifetime exposure to organized violence, *p < .05; ***p < .001