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Table 2 Trauma exposure in the North and South Korean samples

From: Exposure to family and organized violence and associated mental health in north Korean refugee youth compared to south Korean youth

  North (n = 62) South (n = 65) Statistical test
  t X 2
Number of traumatic eventsa, M (SD) 3.13 2.11 .55 .81 9***
Frequency of traumatic experiencesb, n (%)
 Potentially traumatic events 55 88.7 27 41.5 30.86***
 Family violence 35 56.5 22 33.8 6.56**
 Organized violence 37 59.7 0 0 54.74***
  1. Potentially traumatic events = exposure to traumatic events (UPID trauma checklist); Family violence = exposure to family violence (CTSPC); Organized violence = exposure to organized violence
  2. aTotal number of potentially traumatic events based on the UPID trauma checklist
  3. bFrequency of traumatic experiences with at least one event in each type of trauma and violence, *p < .05; **p ≤ .01; ***p < .001