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Table 4 Results from the grey literature

From: Assessment of the health needs of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Syria’s neighboring countries

Author Country Summary of Findings
UNHCR [75] Iraq 9% of all households had at least one member living with a disability; 99% reported this member had difficulties accessing services, 93% reported no assistance from an organization
Amnesty International [76] Jordan High level of mental health needs, also need to address vulnerable populations.
MSF [77] Jordan Thousands denied access to essential medical care – 75% are women and children.
MSF [78] Jordan Complicated war injuries persist, long wait lists.
MSF [79] Jordan Opening of a mother and child hospital to address gaps in maternal and newborn health.
MSF [80] Jordan Difficult and expensive to find treatment for chronic diseases for those living outside of camps.
UNHCR [81] Jordan Need for more female health workers, more reproductive health services for men, and more mental health support.
Amnesty International [82] Lebanon General lack of secondary and tertiary care. High treatment costs for cancer and NCDs.
ICRC [83] Lebanon Increase in the number of wounded patients and shelter priorities due to winter.
ICRC [84] Lebanon War-related surgery procedures are extremely prevalent.
UNHCR [85] Lebanon Chronic illnesses were the primary health need across all governorates; 16% could not access healthcare - 93% of those due to cost.
MSF [86] Syria Raqqa: Major difficulties obtaining urgent lifesaving medical care due to ongoing battles.
MSF [87] Syria Aleppo: Significant increases in the number of wounded patients.
MSF [88] Syria Low vaccination rates and potential measles outbreaks.
MSF [89] Syria Continued understaffing and funding of medical facilities; gaps in mental health, vaccines, chronic diseases, reproductive health, and secondary and tertiary care.
MSF [90] Syria Food shortages, lack of good nutrition. Accessibility to maternal hospitals is limited.
MSF [91] Syria Shortage of doctors in Aleppo due to targeted airstrikes.
MSF [92] Syria Many children currently unvaccinated, undocumented cases of measles, meningitis, and pneumonia.
UNICEF [93] Syria Among youth, there is a high prevalence of malnutrition and malnourishment, re-emergence of polio, severe psychological problems.
UNHCR [94] Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq Iraq: Vaccination campaigns being provided. Jordan: Support of reproductive health services. Turkey: Hygiene kits being delivered to communities.
WHO [95] Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey Iraq: Measles outbreak, upper respiratory tract infections. Jordan: War-related injuries. Lebanon: Maternal and child health services as priority need amongst Syrian refugees in Lebanon, along with mental health and NCD services. Syria: Vulnerable to infectious disease outbreaks, acute jaundice syndrome, and typhoid. Turkey: CDs, vaccine-preventable diseases, and mental health
WHO [96] Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq Mental Health: 50% estimated to be in need of psychosocial support. Reproductive, maternal, and child health: Low use of antenatal care, high rates of caesarean sections. NCDs: High prevalence in Syria and Jordan. CDs: Outbreak due to migration. Injuries also a high priority.