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Table 2 Predictors of PTG (PTGI Total Score and subscales)

From: Predictors of posttraumatic growth among conflict-related sexual violence survivors from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Predictors β SE t p R 2 ΔR 2
PTGI Total Score
Step 1      .020 0.01
 HTQ 0.141 .098 1.434 0.155   
Step 2      .128** .110
 HTQ 0.12 .093 1.288 2.01   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .329 .093 3.535 .001**   
Step 3      .182** .157
 HTQ 0.183 .094 1.949 .054   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .282 .092 3.047 .003**   
 COPE Behavioural disengagement −.245* .095 −2.569 .012*   
PTGI Factor 1: Relating to others       
Step 1      .009 −.001
 HTQ .094 .099 .949 .345   
Step 2      .105** .087
 HTQ .083 .094 .878 .382   
 LOT-R .310 .094 3.291 .001**   
Step 3      .142** .116
 HTQ .072 .093 .777 .439   
 LOT-R .253 .097 2.619 .010*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .201 .097 2.072 .041*   
PTGI Factor 2: New possibilities       
Step 1      .018 .009
 HTQ .136 .098 1.383 .170   
Step 2      .115** .098
 HTQ .116 .094 1.238 .219   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .312 .094 3.329 .001**   
Step 3      .163** .138
 HTQ .112 .092 1.224 .224   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .247 .096 2.587 .011*   
 LOT-R .229 .095 2.396 .018*   
PTGI Factor 3: Personal strength
Step 1      .026 .017
 HTQ .162 .098 1.654 .101   
Step 2      .153* .136
 HTQ .139 .092 1.518 .132   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .357 .092 3.889 .000**   
Step 3      .226* .203
 HTQ .186 .089 2.078 .040*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .336 .088 3.805 .000**   
 COPE Substance use - .276 .089 −3.081 .003**   
Step 4      .267* .238
 HTQ .233 .090 2.599 .011*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .298 .088 3.383 .001**   
 COPE Substance use −.221 .091 −2.438 .017*   
 COPE Behavioural disengagement −.220 .094 −2.352 .021*   
PTGI Factor 4: Spiritual change
Step 1      .026 .017
 HTQ .162 .098 1.654 .101   
Step 2      .153** .136
 HTQ .139 .092 1.518 .132   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .357 .092 3.889 .000**   
Step 3      .226** .203
 HTQ .186 .089 2.078 .040*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .336 .088 3.805 .000**   
 COPE Substance use - .276 .089 −3.081 .003**   
Step 4      .267** .238
 HTQ .233 .090 2.599 .011*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .298 .088 3.383 .001**   
 COPE Substance use −.221 .091 −2.438 .017*   
 COPE Behavioural disengagement −.220 .094 −2.352 .021*   
PTGI Factor 5: Appreciation of life
Step 1      .016 .007
 HTQ .128 .098 1.303 .195   
Step 2      .088* .070
 HTQ .196 .098 1.998 .048*   
 COPE Behavioural disengagement −.276 .098 −2.818 .006**   
Step 3      .124** .097
 HTQ .174 .097 1.791 .076   
 COPE Behavioural disengagement −.237 .099 −2.401 .018*   
 COPE Positive reinterpretation .193 .096 2.013 .047*   
  1. *p < .05 **p < .01
  2. PTGI Posttraumatic growth inventory
  3. LOT-R Life-Orientation Test Revised - Optimism-pessimism
  4. COPE (Bosnian) Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced Scale
  5. HTQ (Bosnian) PTSD mean score items 1–16