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Table 1 Burden of NCDs among Syrian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey

From: Host country responses to non-communicable diseases amongst Syrian refugees: a review

Country Survey (Year) Target population Any NCD condition Hypertension Diabetes mellitus Cardiovascular diseases Chronic respiratory diseases Lung disease Arthritis Osteoarthritis Renal disease Liver disease Cancer
Nationally representative surveys
Jordan Syrian refugee health access survey in Jordan (2014) [13] HHa 50.3
Adult 10.7 6.1 4.1 2.9 7.1
Turkey Non-communicable disease risk factors surveillance among Syrian refugees living in Turkey (2016) [14]  Self-reported Adult 10.2 5.1
 Measured Adult   25.6          
Non-nationally representative community-based surveys
Lebanon Prevalence, care-seeking, and health service utilization for non-communicable diseases among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon (2016) [15] HHa 50.4
Turkey Rapid Need Assessment of Gaziantep based Syrian refugees (2015) [19] HHa 25  
Turkey Evaluation of health status and health service utilization of refugees living in Zeytinburnu-Istanbul [20] HHa 73.9 25.2 8.1 12.6 19.8 7.2   2.7
Jordan Health access and utilization survey among non-camp Syrian refugees (2014)d [17] Adult 39.8 39.5 25.8 17.7 7.9 3.6 1.3 3.4
Lebanon Prevalence, care-seeking, and health service utilization for non-communicable diseases among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon (2016) [15] Adult 7.4 3.3 3.3 3.8 7.9
Lebanon Health access and utilization survey among non-camp Syrian refugees (2014)c [16] Adult 14.6 25.4 15.9 18.4 10.7 6.6 2.1 1.8
Jordan Hidden victims of the Syrian crisis: disabled, injured and older refugees (2014) [18] All ages 19.6
Lebanon Hidden victims of the Syrian crisis: disabled, injured and older refugees (2014) [18] All ages 13
Lebanon MSF Health assessment project: Bekaa Valley Follow-Up Assessment (2014) [40] All ages 34 14   8 3 3
Turkey Syrian refugees in Turkey. Field survey results (2013) [21]
   In camps All ages 7.3
   Outside camps All ages 7.6
Turkey Health status, access to health and barriers for access to health of Syrian refugees in a district in Izmire (2016) [22] All ages 3.8 2.9 1.6 0.4 0.2 0.5
Turkey Syrian refugees needs analysis survey (2013) [23] All ages 13.3           
Facility-based surveys
Lebanon Health status and health needs of older refugees from Syria in Lebanon (2015) [25] > 60 53 38 28 11b 31 6
Jordan Meeting the health needs of Syrian refugees in Jordan: a novel model for non-communicable disease care in a refugee setting (2015) [24] All ages 53 51 1
  1. aHH: Household
  2. b Asthma 18%
  3. cCoronary heart diseases prevalence at 23.4%
  4. d Ischemic heart diseases prevalence of 2.6%
  5. e Ischemic heart diseases prevalence of 2.5%, hypercholesterolemia prevalence of 22% and neurologic disorders (including stroke) of 5%