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Table 2 Factor loadings and Cronbach alphas (last row of table) for the injunctive social norms scales (N = 587)

From: Social norms and beliefs about gender based violence scale: a measure for use with gender based violence prevention programs in low-resource and humanitarian settings

How many of the people whose opinion matters most to you:

Response to Sexual Violence

Protecting Family Honor

Husband’s Right to Use Violence

Expect a husband to abandon his wife if she reports that she has been raped




Expect the family to ignore/reject a daughter if she reports that she has been raped




Accept sexual violence against women and girls a normal part of life




Blame women/girls when they are raped




Think that a man should have the right to demand sex from a woman or girl even if he is not married to her




Expect women/girls to not report rape to protect the family dignity




Expect that a woman/girl’s reputation will be damaged if she reports sexual violence to the authorities or elders




Fear stigma if they were to report sexual violence




Expect sexual violence to be handled within the family and not reported to authorities




Expect a husband or father to retaliate against the alleged perpetrators




Expect women and girls to only report sexual violence if they have serious physical injuries




Think that when a man beats his wife, he is showing his love for her




Think that a man has the right to beat/punish his wife




Think it is okay for a husband to beat his wife to discipline her




Expect a husband to force his wife to have sex when she does not want to




Cronbach’s Alpha