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Table 3 Frequency of Exposure to Potentially Traumatic Events

From: A factor analytic investigation of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a culturally diverse sample of refugees resettled in Australia

Trauma N %
Lack of food or water 139 56.5
Being close to death 122 50
Ill health without access to medical care 114 46.5
Lack of shelter 113 46.1
Serious injury 104 43.9
Forced separation from family members 103 42.4
Imprisonment 98 40.2
Combat situation 97 39.9
Torture 88 36.1
Forced isolation from others 86 35.5
Lost or kidnapped 71 29.2
Unnatural death of family or friend 69 28.4
Brain washing 63 26.5
Murder of family or friend 54 22.3
Murder of stranger or strangers 46 19.2
Rape or sexual abuse 45 18.7
  1. N = 246