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Table 6 Univariate, multivariate, and mixed effect regressions of 2017 dataset using free chlorine residual as dependent variable

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene access in southern Syria: analysis of survey data and recommendations for response

Variablesa Unadjusted Adjusted Mixed effect
  OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b
Reported access to secondary water source (MixedWater) 3.95 (2.35–6.64) 4.02 (2.89–5.63)* 2.11 (1.34–3.32)*
Reported main water source (MainSource) 1.59 (1.23–2.05) 0.47 (0.31–0.72)* 0.56 (0.34–0.92)*
Household included in WSP (WSP) 6.7 (2.71–16.57) 9.75 (6.85–14.05)* 24.16 (5.93–98.48)*
Observed soap and water at handwashing station (Handwashing) 1.64 (1.34–2.00) 2.36 (1.73–3.24)* 1.80 (1.26–2.57)*
Reported separating drinking and non-drinking water (SeparateWater) 1.30 (1.03–1.64) 0.41 (0.25–0.65)* 0.94 (0.55–1.61)
Reported access to sufficient water when needed (AdequateWater) 0.54 (0.51–0.58) 1.43 (1.03–2.01)* 1.10 (0.71–1.72)
Reported status of the shelter (Shelter) 1.67 (1.36–2.04) 1.36 (1.00–1.86)* 1.12 (0.76–1.64)
Reported access to waste disposal (WasteDisposal) 1.78 (1.36–2.34) 1.79 (1.25–2.60)* 1.31 (0.85–2.01)
Reported access to toilet (FunctionalToilet) 1.16 (1.01–1.34) 1.07 (0.78–1.46)  
Reported access to hygiene items (HygieneAccess) 0.72 (0.65–0.80) 0.86 (0.60–1.23)  
The percent of income spent on water (IncomeSpent) 1.0 (0.997–1.01)   
Reported status of internal displacement (Displacement) 0.92 (0.81–1.05)   
Household reported water consumption (WaterUse) 1.0 (0.997–1.001)   
  1. aConsult Table 3 for detailed description of the variables
  2. bOdds ratio and 95% confidence interval
  3. *statistically significant association (p-value < 0.05)