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Table 5 Univariate, multivariate, and mixed effect regressions of 2017 dataset using reported diarrhea outcome over two weeks period as dependent variable

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene access in southern Syria: analysis of survey data and recommendations for response

Variablesa Unadjusted Adjusted Mixed effect
  OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b
Reported access to hygiene items (HygieneAccess) 0.58 (0.52–0.64) 0.58 (0.4–0.84)* 0.55 (0.39–0.79)*
Observed soap and water at handwashing station (Handwashing) 0.61 (0.56–0.66) 0.73 (0.54–0.99)* 0.66 (0.48–0.90)*
Reported separating drinking and non-drinking water (SeparateWater) 0.80 (0.68–0.96) 0.91 (0.57–1.42)  
Reported access to toilet (FunctionalToilet) 0.70 (0.64–0.77) 0.84 (0.62–1.13)  
Reported main water source (MainSource) 0.71 (0.61–0.82) 0.92 (0.58–1.42)  
Measured FCR (FCR) 0.20 (0.08–0.44) 0.37 (0.04–1.38)  
FCR as binary variable (FCR_Bin) 0.54 (0.49–0.59) 0.91 (0.47–2.13)  
Reported status of the shelter (Shelter) 1.20 (1.02–1.40) 1.14 (0.85–1.53)  
Household included in WSP (WSP) 0.74 (0.67–0.82) 0.82 (0.58–1.17)  
Reported access to secondary water source (MixedWater) 0.77 (0.68–0.86) 0.9 (0.62–1.31)  
Reported status of internal displacement (Displacement) 1.00 (0.85–1.17)   
Reported access to waste disposal (WasteDisposal) 0.91 (0.79–1.05)   
Household reported water consumption (WaterUse) 1.0 (0.999–1.002)   
The percent of income spent on water (IncomeSpent) 1.0 (0.999–1.00)   
Reported access to sufficient water when needed (AdequateWater) 1.09 (0.94–1.28)   
  1. aConsult Table 3 for detailed description of the variables
  2. bOdds ratio and 95% confidence interval
  3. *statistically significant association (p-value < 0.05)