Skip to main content

Table 4 Univariate, multivariate, and mixed effect regressions of 2016 dataset using reported diarrhea outcome of children < 5 years old over two weeks period as dependent variable

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene access in southern Syria: analysis of survey data and recommendations for response

Variablesa Unadjusted Adjusted Mixed effect
  OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b OR (95% CI)b
Reported separating drinking and non-drinking water (SeparateWater) 2.63 (1.91–3.64) 2.03 (1.52–2.72)* 2.11 (1.61–2.76)*
Reported access to toilet (FunctionalToilet) 0.56 (0.52–0.60) 0.62 (0.46–0.82)* 0.56 (0.43–0.72)*
Reported access to sufficient water when needed (AdequateWater) 2.00 (1.56–2.56) 2.14 (1.62–2.84)* 2.04 (1.55–2.70)*
The percent of income spent on water (IncomeSpent) 1.03 (1.02–1.04) 1.03 (1.02–1.04)* 1.03 (1.02–1.04)*
Observed soap and water at handwashing station (Handwashing) 0.68 (0.63–0.74) 1.04 (0.77–1.40)  
Reported access to hygiene items (HygieneAccess) 0.58 (0.53–0.63) 0.82 (0.58–1.15)  
Reported status of the shelter (Shelter) 1.4 0(1.18–1.65) 1.08 (0.82–1.43)  
Reported status of internal displacement (Displacement) 1.58 (1.29–1.92) 1.26 (0.95–1.67)  
Reported access to waste disposal (WasteDisposal) 0.74 (0.68–0.82) 0.82 (0.62–1.09)  
Household included in WSP (WSP) 0.68 (0.62–0.74) 1.03 (0.75–1.40)  
Reported main water source (MainSource) 1.02 (0.88–1.18)   
Reported access to secondary water source (MixedWater) 1.03 (0.90–1.18)   
Household reported water consumption (WaterUse) 1.0 (0.998–1.001)   
FCR as binary variable (FCR_Bin) 1.08 (0.78–1.48)   
Measured FCR (FCR) 1.14 (0.34–3.43)   
  1. aConsult Table 3 for detailed description of the variables
  2. bOdds ratio and 95% confidence interval
  3. *statistically significant association (p-value < 0.05)