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Table 2 Descriptive statistics from 2017 survey results and comparison with 2016 result

From: Water, sanitation, and hygiene access in southern Syria: analysis of survey data and recommendations for response

  Governorate [min and max per sub district] Total p-value*
Dar’a Quneitra  
HH has at least one child < 5 years, % (n) 71.4% (1112) [59.0–90.5%] 67.9% (248) [63.5–72.1%] 70.8% (1360) 0.703
Mean (SD) people per household 7.2 (3.2) [6.0–8.5] 6.9 (3.4) [5.4–8.8] 7.1 (3.3) 0.001
IDP households, % (n) 21.8% (242) [4.6–52.6%] 37.0% (91) [9.8–81.5%] 24.5% (333) < 0.001
Female headed HH, % (n) 17.1% (190) [0.0–51.6%] 33.5% (88) [16.0–53.8%] 20.1% (273) 0.682
Mean (SD) age of the head of HH 41.1 (11.1) [37.3–46.0] 40.1 (10.2) [36.6–43.8] 40.9 (11.0) 0.002
Families in damaged/shared shelters, % (n) 49.4% (549) [15.3–94.1%] 31.5% (78) [11.5–50.8%] 46.1% (627) 0.828
Water trucking main source in last 30 days, % (n) 80.4% (894) [41.7–100%] 91.9% (228) [80.0–100%] 82.5% (1122) < 0.001
Network main source in last 30 days, % (n) 17.1% (190) [0.0–54.8%] 7.3% (18) [0.0–18.7%] 15.3% (208) < 0.001
Separate drinking water, % (n) 12.8% (142) [0.0–68.2%] 9.7% (24) [0.0–21.3%] 12.2% (166) < 0.001
Spent ≥2 days without water in last 30 days, % (n) 39.1% (435) [0.0–96.5%] 21.4% (53) [8.5–36.9%] 35.9% (488) 0.003
Did not have enough water in past 30 days, % (n) 29.3% (326) [0.0–80.0%] 6.9% (17) [4.6–8.5%] 25.2% (343) < 0.001
Modified hygiene due to lack of water, % (n)* 15.2% (169) [0.0–48.2%] 3.6% (9) [1.3–4.9%] 13.1% (178) < 0.001
Percent of income used to buy water, mean (SD) 22.0% (15.3) [11.7–38.6%] 21.4% (14.7) [14.8–28.9%] 21.9% (15.4) < 0.001
Consumption lpcd, median (lower, upper quintile) 48.6 (35.7–71.4) 63.5 (47.6–95.2) 61.2 (42.9–86.3) 0.294
Mean FCR mg/Liter (lower, upper quintile), n 0.16 (0.0, 0.3), 1096 0.07 (0.0, 0.0), 248 0.15 (0.0, 0.3) 1344 < 0.001
HH with > 0 mg/L FCR, % (n) 56.7% (630) [0.0–100%] 17.3% (43) [8.5–32.0%] 49.5% (673) < 0.001
HH with > 0.1 mg/L FCR % (n) 32.3% (359) [0.0–83.3%] 8.5% (21) [0.0–19.7%] 27.9% (380) < 0.001
Mean pH (lower, upper quintile), n 7.9 (7.8, 8.0) 1093 7.8 (7.8, 8.0) 248 7.9 (7.8, 8.0) 1341 < 0.001
Access to clean/functional toilet, % (n) 96.2% (1070) [77.0–100%] 99.2% (246) [97.3–100%] 96.8% (1316) 0.029
Observed: Clean/functional toilet, % (n) 69.6% (774) [25.3–98.8%] 69.0% (171) [55.4–83.0%] 69.5% (945) 0.002
Mean (SD) users per toilet 7.1 (3.6) [6.0–8.4] 6.5 (3.7) [5.1–8.7] 7.0 (3.6) 0.001
HHs use shared toilet, % (n) 12.7% (141) [1.0–32.8%] 11.3% (28) [6.4–16.4%] 12.4% (169) < 0.001
HHs could not find/afford hygiene items, % (n) 73.7% (819) [46.8–97.7%] 77.8% (193) [67.2–92.3%] 74.4% (1012) 0.651
Observed: Soap and water at handwash station % (n) 49.6% (551) [7.4–82.1%] 44.4% (110) [12.8%–69.3%] 48.6% (661) 0.648
Observed: Soap or water at handwash station % (n) 77.2% (859) [44.3–97.6%] 72.6% (180) [62.3–82.7%] 76.4%(1039) 0.525
HH left garbage in open, % (n) 1.5% (17) [0.0–7.7%] 7.3% (18) [3.3–12.0%] 2.6% (35) 0.026
HH under WSP program % (n) 50.5% (562) [0.0–100%] 0.0% (0) [0.0–100%] 41.3% (562) 0.002
HH reported at least one child < 5 years had diarrhea in past 2 weeks %, (n) 21.0% (233) [7.1–55.7%] 18.1% (45) [12.8–23.0%] 20.4% (278) < 0.001
  1. *The p-value is from two-sample t-test comparing 2016 and 2017 results
  2. Abbreviations: household (HH), standard deviation (SD), free chlorine residual (FCR)