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Table 2 Percentage of wasting, environmental, household, caregiver, and child characteristics in conflict and non-conflict states of Northeast Nigeria, 2008 and 2013

From: The impact of the Boko Haram insurgency in Northeast Nigeria on childhood wasting: a double-difference study

Variable 2008 2013
Non-Conflict Conflict Non-Conflict Conflict
Percent (95% CI) Percent (95% CI) Percent (95% CI) Percent (95% CI)
Wasting
 No 73 (72–74) 82 (81–83) 83 (81–84) 77 (75–79)
 Yes 27 (26–28) 18 (17–19) 17 (16–19) 23 (21–25)
Month of interview
 Feb – Apr 61 (59–63) 65 (63–67)
 May – Jul 39 (37–41) 42 (41–44) 39 (37–41) 35 (33–37)
 Aug – Oct 61(59–63) 58 (56–59)
Altitude (meters)
 92–250 17 (16–18) 12 (11–13) 13 (12–14) 11 (10–12)
 251–499 59 (57–61) 77 (76–78) 66 (64–68) 77 (75–79)
 501–999 23 (22–24) 9 (8–10) 15 (14–16) 8 (7–9)
 1000–1562 2 (1.6–2.4) 2 (1.6–2.4) 6 (5–7) 4 (3–5)
Urban/Rural
 Rural 91 (90–92) 82 (81–83) 91 (90–92) 77 (75–79)
 Urban 9 (8–10) 18 (17–19) 9 (8–10) 23 (21–25)
Urban population
 50–100,000 1 (0.7–1.3) 3 (2–4)
 100–500,000 8 (7–9) 8 (7–9) 9 (8–10) 11 (10–12)
  > 1 million 7 (6–8) 13 (12–14)
 Not urban 91 (90–92) 82 (81–83) 91 (90–92) 77 (75–79)
Wealth
 Wealthiest 3 quintiles 28 (27–29) 31 (30–32) 28 (26–30) 38 (36–40)
 Poorest 2 quintiles 72 (71–73) 69 (68–70) 72 (70–74) 62 (60–64)
Water source
 Unimproved 71 (70–72) 64 (63–65) 61 (59–63) 46 (44–48)
 Improved 29 (28–30) 35 (34–36) 39 (37–41) 53 (51–55)
 missing 1 (−0.03–0.08) 1 (0.6–1.4) 1 (0.6–1.4)
Toilet type
 Unimproved 67 (66–69) 61 (60–62) 64 (62–66) 48 (46–50)
 Improved 32 (31–33) 39 (38–40) 35 (33–37) 51 (49–53)
 missing 1 (−0.03–0.08) 1 (0.7–1.3) 1 (0.06–1.4) 1 (0.6–1.4)
No. people in household
 2–5 31 (28–31) 29 (28–30) 28 (26–30) 38 (36–40)
 6–8 32 (31–33) 35 (34–36) 31 (29–33) 32 (30–34)
 9–43 37 (35–39) 36 (35–37) 41 (39–43) 30 (28–32)
No. under fives in household
 1 18 (17–19) 18 (17–19) 17 (16–19) 23 (21–25)
 2 38 (36–40) 37 (36–38) 35 (33–37) 40 (38–42)
 3–9 43 (41–45) 45 (43–47) 47 (45–49) 36 (34–38)
 missing 1 (0.7–1.3) 1 (0.7–1.3) 1 (0.6–1.4) 1 (0.6–1.4)
Mother’s occupation
 Wage employment 47 (45–49) 35 (34–36) 50 (48–52) 32 (30–34)
 Subsistence/own activities 53 (51–55) 64 (63–65) 48 (46–50) 67 (65–69)
 missing 1 (0.7–1.3) 1 (0.7–1.3) 1 (0.6–1.4)
Partner’s occupation
 Wage employmnet 44 (42–46) 47 (45–49) 47 (45–49) 49 (47–51)
 Subsistence/own activities 54 (52–56) 51 (49–53) 52 (50–54) 50 (47–51)
 missing 3 (2–4) 2 (1.6–2.4) 1 (0.6–1.4) 1 (0.6–1.4)
Mother’s education
 Some education 29 (28–30) 25 (24–26) 31 (29–33) 28 (26–30)
 No formal education 71 (70–72) 75 (74–76) 69 (67–71) 72 (70–74)
Partner’s education
 Some education 39 (37–41) 33 (32–34) 45 (43–47) 35 (33–37)
 No formal education 57 (55–59) 65 (64–66) 53 (51–55) 64 (62–66)
 missing 4 (3–5) 1 (0.7–1.3) 2 (1.4–2.5) 2 (1.4–2.5)
Mother’s religion
 Other 20 (19–21) 13 (12–14) 17 (16–19) 9 (8–10)
 Muslim 79 (78–80) 87 (86–88) 83 (81–84) 91 (90–92)
Child’s age (months)
 0–5 14 (13–15) 12 (11–13) 12 (11–13) 10 (9–11)
 6–11 11 (10–12) 10 (9–11) 11 (10–12) 11 (10–12)
 12–23 20 (19–21) 19 (18–20) 21 (19–23) 2 (1–3)
 24–59 56 (54–58) 59 (58–60) 57 (55–59) 59 (57–61)
Child’s sex
 Female 49 (47–51) 51 (49–53) 49 (47–51) 49 (47–51)
 Male 51 (49–53) 49 (47–51) 51 (49–53) 51 (49–53)
Birth order
 1st - 2nd 32 (31–33) 28 (27–29) 30 (28–32) 37 (35–39)
 3rd - 4th 27 (26–28) 29 (27–29) 26 (24–28) 28 (26–30)
 5th - 17th 41 (39–43) 44 (42–46) 44 (42–46) 36 (34–38)
No. of obs. (weighted) 3810 4168 2462 2572