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Table 2 Pubertal transitions and access to SRH information

From: Transitions into puberty and access to sexual and reproductive health information in two humanitarian settings: a cross-sectional survey of very young adolescents from Somalia and Myanmar

  Somali VYAa VYA from Myanmara
  Boys Girls Boys Girls
  n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
Pubertal status, by age
10-12 years
 Did not start puberty 69 75.0 (58.3, 91.7) 82 70.7 (53.6, 87.8) 93 73.2 (64.0, 82.5) 118 87.4 (80.6, 94.2)
 Started having periods (girls)    2 1.7 (0.0, 4.3)    16 11.9 (5.8, 17.9)
 Started hair growth/voice change (boys) 1 1.1 (0.0, 3.2)    30 23.6 (13.6, 33.7)   
 Do not know 22 23.9 (8.7, 39.2) 32 27.6 (10.7, 44.7) 4 3.2 (0.0, 7.5) 1 0.7 (0.0, 2.3)
13-14 years
 Did not start puberty 67 67 (48.5, 85.5) 64 65.3 (41.8, 88.8) 19 26.8 (13.2, 40.4) 22 33.3 (20.7, 46.0)
 Started having periods (girls)    24 24.5 (4.9, 44.0)    44 66.7 (54.0, 79.3)
 Started hair growth/voice change (boys) 15 15.0 (2.6, 27.4)    49 69.0 (55.4, 82.6)   
 Do not know 18 18.0 (2.6, 33.4) 10 10.2 (0.0, 21.1) 3 4.2 (0.0, 8.9)
Pubertal change reactionsb
 Like becoming a woman/man 14 87.5 (69.1, 100.0) 26 100.0 (−) 53 67.1 (54.1, 80.0) 36 60 (46.0, 74.0)
 Feel comfortable with body changes 13 81.2 (62.4, 100.0) 25 96.2 (87.2, 100.0) 65 82.3 (70.3, 94.2) 39 65 (46.6, 83.4)
 Treated differently by parents due to body changes 6 37.5 (16.7, 58.3) 21 80.8 (54.2, 100.0) 53 67.1 (53.6, 80.6) 36 60 (47.1, 72.9)
Menstrual hygiene accessb
 Sufficient water and soap    16 61.5 (42.4, 80.6)    50 83.3 (72.1, 94.6)
 Private washing facilities    5 19.2 (0.0, 38.7)    51 85 (76.1, 93.9)
 Cloth/pads    5 19.2 (1.9, 36.6)    52 86.7 (76.7, 96.6)
 All hygiene items      46 76.7 (65.9, 87.4)
SRH information
 Learnt about body changes before these occurredb 11 68.8 (49.9, 87.6) 25 95.2 (87.8, 100.0) 16 20.5 (12.4, 28.6) 19 31.7 (20.3, 43.1)
Access to information needed to understand body changes
 Disagree 50 26 (13.0, 39.1) 62 29.0 (13.5, 44.4) 106 53.5 (40.9, 66.2) 102 50.7 (41.3, 60.1)
 Agree 136 70.8 (58.0, 83.7) 143 66.8 (51.3, 82.3) 70 35.4 (23.3, 47.4) 82 40.8 (31.4, 50.1)
 N/A 6 3.1 (0.2, 6.0) 9 4.2 (0.0, 8.4) 22 11.1 (4.9, 17.3) 17 8.5 (4.6, 12.4)
Wish had access to more information about body changes
 Disagree 26 13.5 (5.4, 21.7) 22 10.3 (2.2, 18.4) 34 17.2 (9.1, 25.2) 34 16.9 (8.7, 25.2)
 Agree 159 82.8 (73.8, 91.8) 187 87.4 (79.4, 95.4) 150 75.8 (65.0, 86.5) 158 78.6 (70.1, 87.1)
 N/A 7 3.7 (0.0, 7.3) 5 2.3 (0.0, 4.7) 14 7.0 (2.1, 12.1) 9 4.5 (1.9, 7.0)
Learnt about pregnancy
 No 147 76.6 (64.2, 88.9) 173 80.8 (69.1, 92.5) 175 88.4 (80.6, 96.1) 173 86.1 (80.3, 91.8)
 Yes 42 21.9 (9.6, 34.1) 39 18.2 (6.5, 30.0) 15 7.6 (3.2, 11.9) 28 13.9 (8.2, 19.7)
 Do not know 3 1.5 (0.0, 4.0) 2 0.9 (0.0, 2.3) 8 4.0 (0.0, 11.5)
  1. a)Somali VYA refer to the sample from the refugee camp in Ethiopia. VYA from Myanmar refer to the sample from the migrant communities in Thailand
  2. b)Proportion agreeing with each statement among those who reported starting puberty (menstrual hygiene only asked of girls)