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Table 1 Demographic, family, peer and schooling characteristics of VYA from Somalia and Myanmar in two humanitarian settings

From: Transitions into puberty and access to sexual and reproductive health information in two humanitarian settings: a cross-sectional survey of very young adolescents from Somalia and Myanmar

  Somali VYAa VYA from Myanmara
  N = 406 N = 399
  n % 95% CI n % 95% CI
Demographics
Sex
 Boy 192 47.3 (41.6, 53.0) 198 49.6 (43.1, 56.1)
 Girl 214 52.7 (47.0,58.4) 201 50.4 (43.9, 56.8)
Age
 10-12 208 51.2 (42.7, 59.7) 262 65.7 (60.0, 70.9)
 13-14 198 48.8 (40.3, 57.2) 137 34.3 (29.0, 39.6)
 Mean age 12.3 (12.1, 12.5) 11.8 (11.6, 12.0)
Place of birth
 Camp/community 3 0.7 (0.0. 1.6) 109 27.3 (23.1, 31.6)
 Elsewhere in country 22 5.5 (1.7, 9.3)
 Other country 402 99.0 (98.0, 100.0) 264 66.2 (60.1, 72.2)
 Do not know 1 0.3 (0.0, 7.6) 4 1.0 (0.0, 2.0)
Duration in camp/community
 1 year or less 7 1.7 (0.0, 3.6) 63 15.8 (10.7, 20.9)
 2-4 years 382 94.1 (91.7, 96.5) 95 23.8 (18.9, 28.8)
 5 years or more 1 0.3 (0.0, 0.8) 231 57.8 (52.1, 63.7)
 Do not know 16 3.9 (1.8, 6.1) 10 2.5 (0.7, 4.3)
Regular place to stay 399 98.5 (97.1, 99.9) 270 67.7 (48.4, 87.2)
Interpersonal relationships
Parents alive
 Both 335 82.5 (78.3, 86.7) 351 88.0 (84.7, 91.2)
 Father only 18 4.4 (1.9, 7.0) 4 1.0 (0.0, 2.2)
 Mother only 39 9.6 (6.3, 12.9) 31 7.8 (4.6, 10.9)
 Double orphan 14 3.5 (0.7, 6.1) 13 3.3 (1.5, 5.0)
Currently living with
 Both parents 295 72.6 (67.0, 78.3) 249 62.4 (54.6, 70.1)
 Father only 22 5.4 (2.4, 8.4) 14 3.5 (1.6, 5.4)
 Mother only 63 15.5 (10.2, 20.8) 49 12.3 (7.5, 17.1)
 Other adult caregiver 11 2.7 (0.5, 5.0) 74 18.6 (12.3, 24.8)
 No adult caregiver 1 0.2 (0.0, 0.8) 2 0.5 (0.0, 1.2)
 N/A 14 3.4 (0.0, 6.1) 11 2.8 (1.2, 4.4)
Nr of children in household 2.9 (2.6, 3.3) 2.0 (1.7, 2.3)
 Help care for children in household 362 89.2 (82.5, 95.8) 235 58.9 (53.9, 63.9)
Parental/caregiver connectednessb
 Feel that parents/caregiver care 363 89.6 (82.5, 96.8) 364 91.2 (87.7, 94.7)
 Feel that parents/caregiver listen 356 87.9 (82.4, 93.4) 286 71.7 (62.2, 81.2)
Parental/caregiver monitoringc
 Parents/caregiver know friends 205 50.7 (37.6, 63.8) 210 52.8 (44.4, 61.0)
 Parents/caregiver monitor time 269 66.7 (56.4, 77.1) 214 53.6 (43.0, 64.3)
≥1 close friends 400 98.5 (97.4, 99.6) 346 86.7 (80.7, 92.7)
≥1 close opposite sex friend
 Boys (female friend) 79 41.1 (28.8, 53.5) 64 32.3 (19.0, 45.6)
 Girls (male friend) 82 38.3 (26.2, 50.4) 45 22.4 (12.8, 31.9)
Perceived peer norms about boy/girl relationships
 Ok talk/spend time 163 40.1 (25.4, 54.9) 130 32.6 (20.9, 44.2)
 Ok spend time alone 120 29.6 (15.5, 43.6) 93 23.3 (15.4, 31.1)
 Ok physical contact 67 16.5 (6.5, 26.5) 50 12.5 (6.4, 18.7)
School
 Ever attended school 385 94.8 (91.7, 98.0) 385 96.5 (94.1, 98.9)
 Currently enrolled in school 352 91.4 (87.7, 95.1) 335 87.0 (81.4, 92.6)
Days of school missed past weekd
 None 201 57.1 (44.3, 68.9) 208 62.1 (53.0, 71.2)
 1-2 106 30.1 (19.2, 41.0) 75 22.4 (16.0, 28.8)
 3 or more 45 12.8 (5.5, 20.1) 52 15.5 (9.4, 21.6)
Perceived reasons that young people miss schoole
 Lack of money 124 30.5 (17.8, 43.3) 284 71.2 (64.6, 77.7)
 Distance to school 316 77.8 (69.6, 86.0) 125 31.3 (25.7. 37.9)
 Safety concerns 45 11.1 (5.0, 17.1) 99 24.8 (16.9, 32.7)
 Parent do not approve 140 34.5 (22.3, 46.7) 120 30.1 (23.7, 36.5)
 House work 209 51.5 (39.3, 63.7) 162 40.6 (33.7, 47.6)
 Marriage 108 26.6 (14.3, 38.8) 20 5.0 (2.5, 7.5)
 Work 69 17.0 (8.8, 25.2) 183 45.9 (38.1. 53.6)
 Health/disability 157 38.7 (24.7, 52.7) 147 36.8 (27.7, 45.7)
 Other 16 3.9 (0.5, 7.4) 47 11.8 (7.3, 16.2)
Someone else present during the interviewf 162 39.9 (22.7, 57.1) 26 6.5 (0.0. 13.2)
  1. a)Somali VYA refer to the sample from the refugee camp in Ethiopia. VYA from Myanmar refer to the sample from the migrant communities in Thailand
  2. b)Proportion agreeing with the statements “I feel that my parents/guardians care about me” (feel that parent/guardian care) and “I feel like I can share personal things with one of my parents/guardians and she or he will listen” (feel that parent/guardian listen), respectively
  3. c)Proportion agreeing that their parents (to some extent or completely) know who their friends are (parents monitor friends), and what they do with their free time (parents monitor time), respectively
  4. d)Days of school missed during past week were only asked of those currently enrolled
  5. e)Respondents could select more than one reason for why they think people their age might miss school (total exceeds 100%)
  6. f)In some cases it was not possible to obtain complete privacy during the interviews with the adolescents, as at least one other individual (unspecified) was present in the same room