From: Justification for a Nuclear Global Health Workforce: multidisciplinary analysis of risk, survivability & preparedness, with emphasis on the triage management of thermal burns
Role of EMT
Superficial burns up to 30% TBSA
Oral resuscitation if over 15%, analgesia, dressings, availability of antibiotics
Distribution and instruction in use of ‘individual emergency burn pack’
Superficial burns over 30% TBSA and deep burns up to 40% TBSA
Oral resuscitation if over 15%, analgesia, dressings, availability of antibiotics PLUS early excision and grafting of deep burns
Manage resuscitation, clean and dress wounds, early excision and grafting.
Rapid training of temporary burn care teams to assist with dressings, positioning, mobilising, hygiene, feeding, etc.
Deep burns over 40% TBSA
IV fluid resuscitation, analgesia dressings and transfer if possible
Transfer out of area to functioning specialist burns service
Confirm triage to ensure appropriate use of very limited transport and specialist services