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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the populations sampled in 2008 and 2010

From: Contraceptive availability leads to increase in use in conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo: evidence from cross-sectional cluster surveys, facility assessments and service statistics

  2008 (N = 1006, 607)a 2010 (N = 1007, 564)a p-value
Age (years) p = .088
 15–24 42.9% (264) 38.1% (215)  
 25–34 31.4% (187) 33.6% (193)  
 35–49 25.7% (155) 28.3% (156)  
 Mean age (SD), years 28.0 (9.2) 28.8 (9.6) p = .05
Marital status p = .099
 Married & living with husband 82.8% (517) 82.5% (486)  
 Married & not living with husband 5.7% (38) 7.8% (34)  
 Not married, living with partner 0.7% (3) 0.3% (2)  
 Not married, not living with partner 10.8% (49) 9.3% (42)  
Number of living children p = .416
 0 18.3% (96) 16.6% (77)  
 1–2 29.5% (199) 27.6% (168)  
 3–4 27.7% (158) 29.0% (164)  
 5+ 24.5% (153) 28.3% (155)  
Religion p < .001
 Muslim 66.4% (394) 73.1% (404)  
 Catholic 18.8% (115) 18.8% (107)  
 Protestant 8.0% (55) 3.7% (23)  
 Pentecostal/Evangelical 4.5% (29) 3.1% (24)  
 Other 2.4% (14) 1.4% (6)  
Formal education p = .037
 None 35.6% (204) 34.1% (205)  
 Did not complete primary school 35.6% (224) 32.4% (187)  
 Completed primary school 10.9% (60) 10.5% (59)  
 At least some secondary education 17.9% (119) 23.0% (113)  
Self-reported ability to read p = .307
 With difficulty or not at all 76.3% (453) 74.3% (434)  
 Easily 23.7% (154) 25.7% (130)  
Number of lifetime pregnancies p = .55
 0 12.1% (57) 11.3% (54)  
 1–2 21.5% (145) 22.3% (130)  
 3–4 21.0% (129) 22.1% (128)  
 5–9 34.7% (217) 31.9% (188)  
 10+ 10.7% (59) 12.3% (64)  
Reported an unwanted pregnancy p = .419
 No 73.9% (443) 75.6% (441)  
 Yes 26.1% (163) 24.4% (123)  
  1. Data are % of column weighted base (absolute counts), unless indicated. Bases are smaller for some variables due to missing data. Missing data are less than 0.5% for all variables
  2. aN = weighted and unweighted base