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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with mental health conditions, Ragusa (October 2014 December 2015)

From: Mental health and trauma in asylum seekers landing in Sicily in 2015: a descriptive study of neglected invisible wounds

Characteristic N = 193 (%)
MH main diagnosisa
 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder 59 (31)
 Depression 38 (20)
 Anxiety disorders 21 (11)
 Psychological distressc 22 (11)
 Somatoform disorder 15 (8)
 Sleep-wake disorder 13 (7)
 Otherd 25 (13)
MH seconde diagnosisa
 Traumatic Stress Disorder and related disordersb 3 (2)
 Depressionb 42 (22)
 Anxiety disorders 20 (10)
 Somatoform disorder 10 (5)
 Psychological distress 3 (2)
 Sleep-wake disorder 27 (14)
 Otherd 24 (12)
 Nonef 64 (33)
 Two concurrent MH diagnosis 129 (67)
 Referrals to psychiatrist 43 (22)
 Psychopharmacological treatment 36 (18)
 Number of MH consultations per person (median; IQR) 4 (3–6)
  1. MH Mental Health, IQR interquartile range
  2. aMH diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5) except from psychological distress and ethnopsychiatric conditions (Other)
  3. bIncludes mild, moderate, severe
  4. cExclusion diagnosis
  5. dEthnopsychiatric conditions, personality, psychotic, cognitive, dissociative, acute stress, adjustment and substance-related disorders
  6. eConcurrent diagnosis, secondary importance
  7. fPatients with only a MH main diagnosis