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Table 3 Characteristics by care seeking decision and odds of care seeking among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanona

From: Prevalence, care-seeking, and health service utilization for non-communicable diseases among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon

  Syrian refugees Lebanese host community
  Overall Sought care Did not seek care p-value Odds of care seeking Overall Sought care Did not seek care p-value Odds of care seeking
Crude OR Adjusted OR     Crude OR Adjusted OR
  (n = 1079) (n = 895) (n = 184) (95 % CI)b (95 % CI)c (n = 717) (n = 701) (n = 16) (95 % CI)b (95 % CI)c
Chronic condition             
 Hypertension 26.1 % 25.5 % 29.3 % 0.009 Reference Reference 32.9 % 33.1 % 25.0 % 0.001 Reference Reference
 Cardiovascular disease 13.8 % 13.7 % 14.1 % 1.12 (0.67–1.88) 1.13 (0.67–1.92) 19.0 % 19.1 % 12.5 % 1.16 (0.20–6.55) 1.17 (0.21–6.56)
 Diabetes 12.6 % 13.4 % 8.7 % 1.78 (1.00–3.16) 1.65 (0.93–2.93) 20.1 % 20.0 % 25.0 % 0.60 (0.14–2.55) 0.59 (0.14–2.55)
 Chronic Pulmonary disease 20.4 % 21.9 % 13.0 % 1.93 (1.11–3.63) 1.90 (1.09–3.31) 11.6 % 11.0 % 37.5 % 0.22 (0.07–0.73) 0.21 (0.06–0.70)
 Arthritis 27.1 % 25.5 % 34.8 % 0.84 (0.56–1.26) 0.84 (0.55–1.26) 16.5 % 16.8 % 0 % --- ---
Region of residence             
 Beirut/Mt. Lebanon 25.7 % 25.4 % 27.2 % 0.617 Reference   31.7 % 31.1 % 56.2 % 0.095 Reference Reference
 Bekaa 34.4 % 34.0 % 36.4 % 1.00 (0.62–1.61)   33.1 % 33.2 % 25.0 % 2.40 (0.73–7.88) 2.54 (0.79–8.19)
 North 39.9 % 40.7 % 36.4 % 1.20 (0.76–1.89)   35.3 % 35.7 % 18.8 % 3.44 (0.89–13.32) 3.5 (0.89–13.92)
Household characteristics             
 Crowding (5+ / sleeping room) 44.9 % 45.0 % 44.5 % 0.920 1.02 (0.71–1.47)   8.7 % 8.9 % 0 % 0.277 --- ---
Household head education (Highest level completed)             
 None 18.4 % 18.7 % 16.8 % 0.018 Reference Reference 19.2 % 19.4 % 12.5 % 0.486 Reference ---
 Primary 38.1 % 39.9 % 29.3 % 1.23 (0.72–2.10) 1.19 (0.69–2.03) 30.0 % 30.2 % 18.8 % 1.04 (0.16–6.76) ---
 Preparatory 29.4 % 29.1 % 31.0 % 0.85 (0.47–1.53) 0.82 (0.45–1.49) 23.3 % 23.0 % 37.5 % 0.39 (0.08–1.98) ---
 Secondary or higher 14.2 % 12.4 % 22.8 % 0.49 (0.24–1.00) 0.51 (0.25–1.04) 27.5 % 27.4 % 31.2 % 0.56 (0.09–3.54) ---
Socioeconomic quartile (based on monthly expenditures)             
 Bottom 19.9 % 19.1 % 23.9 % 0.545 Reference   21.5 % 21.4 % 25.0 % 0.743 Reference ---
 2nd 23.5 % 23.2 % 25.0 % 1.16 (0.70–1.93)   22.5 % 22.7 % 12.5 % 2.12 (0.39–11.61) ---
 3rd 23.0 % 23.5 % 20.7 % 1.42 (0.76–2.67)   26.4 % 26.4 % 25.0 % 1.23 (0.26–5.76) ---
 Top 33.5 % 34.2 % 30.4 % 1.41 (0.81–2.45)   29.7 % 29.5 % 37.5 % 0.92 (0.32–2.63) ---
Year of arrival in Lebanon             
 2011–2012 45.5 % 47.3 % 36.4 % 0.023 Reference Reference  
 2013–2014 54.5 % 52.7 % 63.6 % 0.64 (0.43–0.94) 0.67 (0.45–0.98)  
Assistance receivedd        
 Cash 4.1 % 4.0 % 4.3 % 0.898 1.08 (0.31–3.79)  
 Food voucher 73.2 % 73.3 % 72.8 % 0.136 0.86 (0.60–1.25)   
 Non-food voucher 20.0 % 19.8 % 21.2 % 0.700 1.09 (0.70–1.71)  
 Non-food items 11.7 % 11.4 % 13.0 % 0.546 1.17 (0.70–1.93)  
  1. a “care-seeking” defined as having sought care last time it was needed
  2. b bold indicates statistically significant (p <0.10) findings
  3. c model only includes variables with statistical significance in the univariate analysis; bold indicates statistically significant (p <0.05) findings
  4. d analyzed as dichotomous variables (assistance type received/not received)