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Table 2 Care seeking for chronic medical conditions among adult refugees and the host community

From: Prevalence, care-seeking, and health service utilization for non-communicable diseases among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon

  All conditions Hypertension Cardiovascular disease Diabetes Chronic respiratory disease Arthritis
  % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI)
Ever sought care in Lebanon
Syrian refugees n = 1079 n = 282 n = 149 n = 136 n = 220 n = 292
82.9 (80.3–85.3) 80.9 (75.2–85.5) 82.6 (74.8–88.3) 88.2 (81.8–92.6) 89.1 (84.1–92.6) 78.1 (73.0–82.4)
Host community n = 717 n = 236 n = 136 n = 144 n = 83 n = 118
97.8 (96.3–98.7) 98.3 (95.6–99.4) 98.5 (94.3–99.6) 97.2 (92.9–98.9) 92.8 (84.7–96.7) 100.0  
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.004 0.256 <0.001
Most recent careseeking for condition
Syrian refugees n = 895 n = 228 n = 123 n = 120 n = 196 n = 228
<1 month ago 29.7 (26.0–33.8) 32.5 (26.6–38.9) 18.7 (11.7–28.6) 37.5 (28.7–47.3) 36.2 (30.0–43.0) 23.2 (18.3–29.1)
1 month to <3 months ago 31.3 (27.9–34.9) 31.1 (25.2–37.8) 30.9 (22.4–40.9) 32.5 (24.5–41.7) 31.1 (24.7–38.4) 31.1 (25.4–37.6)
3 months to <6 months ago 15.8 (13.1–18.8) 16.2 (11.7–22.1) 22.8 (15.7–31.8) 10.8 (6.6–17.2) 14.8 (10.3–20.8) 14.9 (10.6–20.6)
6 months to <1 year ago 6.3 (4.9–8.0) 5.7 (3.2–9.8) 7.3 (4.0–13.2) 4.2 (1.8–9.6) 4.1 (2.1–7.8) 9.2 (6.1–13.7)
>1 year ago 17.0 (14.1–20.3) 14.5 (10.1–20.3) 20.3 (14.0–28.6) 15.0 (9.9–22.1) 13.8 (9.5–19.5) 21.5 (16.5–27.5)
Host community n = 701 n = 232 n = 134 n = 140 n = 77 n = 118
<1 month ago 23.7 (20.2–27.5) 25.4 (20.5–31.1) 23.9 (17.9–31.1) 26.4 (19.7–34.5) 27.3 (17.6–39.8) 14.4 (8.8–22.8)
1 month to <3 months ago 33.0 (29.2–36.9) 30.6 (25.3–36.5) 31.3 (23.6–40.4) 41.4 (33.3–50.0) 33.8 (24.4–44.6) 28.8 (22.0–36.8)
3 months to <6 months ago 18.0 (15.2–21.1) 18.1 (13.7–23.6) 19.4 (14.0–26.3) 17.1 (11.6–24.6) 18.2 (11.0–28.5) 16.9 (10.4–26.4)
6 months to <1 year ago 8.6 (6.6–11.0) 10.3 (7.1–14.9) 9.7 (5.5–16.6) 5.0 (2.5–9.9) 10.4 (5.1–20.1) 6.8 (3.4–13.0)
>1 year ago 16.8 (13.8–20.4) 15.5 (11.1–21.2) 15.7 (11.1–21.6) 10.0 (5.9–16.4) 10.4 (5.3–19.4) 33.1 (24.8–42.5)
p-value 0.118 0.099 0.286 0.800 0.444 0.018
Most recent careseeking for condition was within the 3 months preceding survey
Syrian refugees 61.0 (56.9–64.9) 63.6 (56.4–70.2) 49.6 (39.4–59.8) 70.0 (61.2–77.5) 67.3 (60.2–73.8) 54.4 (47.9––60.7)
Host community 43.4 (39.2–47.6) 44.0 (37.5–50.7) 44.8 (36.4–53.5) 32.1 (25.0–40.2) 39.0 (28.3–50.8) 56.8 (47.6–65.6)
p-value 0.095 0.074 0.396 0.687 0.387 0.056
Facility type utilized for most recent careseeking for condition   
Syrian refugees n = 743 n = 195 n = 98 n = 102 n = 169 n = 179
PHCC 57.7 (53.2,62.1) 54.9 (47.6,61.9) 44.9 (36.0,54.1) 60.8 (50.7,70.1) 63.3 (55.3,70.6) 60.9 (53.9,67.5)
Private clinic 19.8 (16.9,23.0) 21.5 (16.6,27.5) 17.3 (11.5,25.2) 20.6 (13.7,29.7) 17.2 (12.1,23.8) 21.2 (15.9,27.8)
Pharmacy 9 (6.6,12.2) 9.2 (5.6,14.8) 7.1 (3.6,13.8) 9.8 (5.5,16.8) 8.3 (4.9,13.7) 10.1 (5.9,16.7)
Hospital 8.7 (6.6,11.4) 8.2 (5.1,12.9) 24.5 (17.4,33.3) 3.9 (1.5,9.9) 8.3 (4.9,13.7) 3.9 (1.9,7.9)
Other 4.7 (3.0,7.2) 6.2 (3.0,12.3) 6.1 (2.8,12.7) 4.9 (2.1,11.1) 3 (1.0,8.1) 3.9 (1.9,7.9)
Host community n = 583 n = 196 n = 113 n = 126 n = 69 n = 79
PHCC 16.6 (13.2,20.8) 19.4 (14.3,25.7) 7.1 (3.6,13.5) 17.5 (12.1,24.5) 14.5 (7.5,26.0) 24.1 (16.2,34.2)
Private clinic 61.6 (55.6,67.3) 59.2 (51.0,66.9) 65.5 (54.8,74.8) 59.5 (51.2,67.3) 69.6 (57.9,79.1) 58.2 (47.6,68.2)
Pharmacy 2.7 (1.5,5.1) 2.6 (1.0,6.1) 1.8 (0.4,6.9) 6.3 (3.3,12.0) 0   1.3 (0.2,8.8)
Hospital 16.6 (12.9,21.2) 15.8 (11.4,21.6) 22.1 (14.7,31.9) 15.9 (10.7,22.8) 13 (7.1,22.8) 15.2 (8.9,24.7)
Other 2.4 (1.2,4.9) 3.1 (1.2,7.5) 3.5 (1.3,9.1) 0.8 (0.1,5.6) 2.9 (0.7,11.3) 1.3 (0.2,8.8)
p-value <0.001 0.006 0.222 <0.001 0.001 0.002