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Table 4 Weighted prevalences of mental health outcomes: Kenyan adult household-based population, September 2011: 916 respondents a

From: A national population-based assessment of 2007–2008 election-related violence in Kenya

Characteristic Weighted % substance abuse (95% CI) Weighted % MDD (95% CI) Weighted % PTSD (95% CI) Weighted % suicidal ideation (95% CI) Weighted % suicide attempt (95% CI)
Adultsb 20.8 (16.6–25.0) 36.5 (31.2–41.8) 33.0 (27.8–38.3) 10.3 (7.7–13.0) 10.8 (8.3–13.3)
 Female 28.8 (21.6–36.0) 63.3 (54.4–72.3) 60.7 (52.1–69.4) 66.1 (52.7–79.6) 68.5 (58.7–78.3)
 Male 71.2 (64.0–78.4) 36.7 (27.7–45.6) 39.3 (30.6–47.9) 33.9 (20.4–47.3) 31.5 (21.7–41.3)
 Sexual violence reportedc 24.7 (15.7–33.5) 41.0 (27.0–55.0) 40.1 (28.6–51.6) 19.5 (11.3–27.8) 21.9 (13.7–30.2)
 No sexual violence reported 19.8 (15.1–24.5) 35.0 (29.2–40.8) 30.9 (25.0–36.8) 8.2 (5.4–11.0) 8.4 (5.9–10.9)
 Physical violence reported 26.6 (16.7–36.4) 38.8 (27.0–50.6) 40.4 (29.3–51.6) 13.5 (6.5–20.5) 13.1 (6.3–19.8)
 No physical violence reported 19.6 (14.8–24.3) 35.9 (30.1–41.6) 31.0 (25.3–36.7) 9.7 (6.9–12.5) 10.3 (7.9–12.8)
 Movement violations reported 27.1 (10.0–44.3) 43.0 (24.0–62.0) 48.5 (34.3–62.7) 14.9 (3.9–25.9) 16.0 (4.6–27.4)
 No movement violations reported 20.2 (16.0–24.5) 35.7 (30.4–41.1) 31.3 (25.8–36.9) 10.0 (7.2–12.7) 10.4 (8.0–12.8)
  1. Source: Study Database. Survey results are representative of the adult household-based population in Kenya in September 2011, as defined in Figure 1. aAll statistics are weighted percentages unless otherwise noted. bBolded values indicate statistically significant differences at or below the .05 level (adjusted Wald test of association used) between “female” and “male”. cBolded values from this point forward indicate statistically significant differences at or below the .05 level, calculated using a two-sample t-test for the difference between two proportions for each set of characteristics within each column. For a detailed version of the table, please see the Additional file 1.