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Table 3 Weighted means and rates of human rights violations for household members of 916 adult Kenyan respondents

From: A national population-based assessment of 2007–2008 election-related violence in Kenya

Characteristic Weighted %a(95% CI)
Respondent households reporting at least one violationb 50.0 (44.4–55.5)
Respondent households reporting at least one physical violation 24.9 (20.0–29.7)
Prevalence of households reporting violationsc that resulted in death 10.9 (7.9–14.0)
  Weighted mean occurrences per 1,000 persons/year
Characteristic Households experiencing violations prior to 2007 election Households experiencing violations during election violence d Households experiencing violations after election violence e
Physical Violations 25.0 (13.9–36.1) 1987.1 (1269.2–2704.9) 42.0 (23.5–60.5)
 Beating 15.9 (9.9–21.9) 1258.2 (789.7–1726.7) 30.8 (16.0–45.5)
 Shot 3.4 (0.0–7.4) 172.5 (53.8–291.1) 3.7 (0.0–9.1)
 Stabbed 1.7 (0.3–3.0) 126.9 (59.6–194.3) 3.2 (0.4–6.0)
 Amputation 1.1 (0.0–2.2) 88.1 (17.1–159.0) 1.0 (0.0–2.4)
 Other Unspecified Physical Assault 3.0 (0.4–5.5) 341.4 (170.8–512.1) 3.3 (1.1–5.6)
Prevalence of most commonly named perpetrators (by political or ethnic group affiliation) during election violence: Physical violations Weighted % a (95% CI)
 Kalenjin 54.6 (38.9–70.3)
 Luo 19.5 (9.8–29.3)
 Orange Democratic Movement 15.2 (5.4–25.0)
 Kikuyu 11.2 (3.4–19.0)
 Party of National Unity 6.8 (1.0–12.7)
Characteristic Weighted % a (95% CI)
How much human rights abuses by ethnic/political groups are something feared for self and family  
 Extremely/quite a bit 64.1 (60.0–68.1)
 A little 13.9 (11.0–17.4)
 Not at all 21.9 (18.9–25.4)
Felt coerced to vote in last (2007) election 4.9 (3.4–7.1)
Feel safe to vote in future elections 74.8 (70.7–78.5)
  1. Source: Study Database. Survey results are representative of the adult household-based population in Kenya in September 2011, as defined in Figure 1. aAll statistics are weighted percentages unless otherwise noted. bIncludes physical and sexual violations. cIncludes sexual violations ending in death. dDue to the 60-day period (January-March 1 2008) for which reported values were measured, it is possible for a mean during the election violence period to exceed 1,000; election violence includes “likely election violence”, which was determined if a respondent reported a violation and did not report the period of occurrence, but reported the violation occurred in one of the following counties: Kiambu, Nairobi, Nakuru, Nandi, or Uashin Gishu. eDefined as the period from March 2 2008 to administration of the survey in September 2011. Note: Column values in bold represent mean occurrences for which there are statistically significant differences at or below the .05 level (Pairwise Chi-Square test used to test group differences) between “household experiencing violations prior to 2007 election” and “household experiencing violations after election violence”. For a detailed version of the table, please see the Additional file 1.