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Table 1 Rates used to calculate casualties due to prompt radiation, blast, and thermal effects

From: Nuclear war between Israel and Iran: lethality beyond the pale

Prompt radiation/Blast/Thermal effects Fatality rate Survivor injury rate
Prompt 600 rad* 50% 99%
Prompt 300 rad* 2% 99%
12 psi 85% 100%
10 psi 85% 100%
8.1 psi 50% 85%
7.1 psi 10% 70%
4.9 psi 5% 35%
3.8 psi 2.5% 25%**
3 psi 0 5%**
2 psi 0 2%**
1 psi 0 0**
0.6 psi 0 0***
90% Mass Fire 90% 100%
50% Mass Fire 50% 95%
Eden Mass Fire 40% 50%
10% Mass Fire 10% 10%
3rd-degree burns 5% 10%
2nd-degree burns 3% 12%
1st-degree burns 0% 15%
  1. *A 50% protection factor was applied for prompt radiation bringing the actual exposures to 300 and 150 rads, respectively.
  2. ** An additional 5% injury rate is assumed to be caused by flying glass.
  3. ***An additional 2% injury rate is assumed to be caused by flying glass.