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Table 2 Limits of Detection (LOD) Mean and Standard Deviations of concentrations mg/kg of elements measured in the cohort of 26 parents of children from Fallujah with congenital anomalies

From: Uranium and other contaminants in hair from the parents of children with congenital anomalies in Fallujah, Iraq

Element LOD Normal lab range Literature 43
Means and SDs
unexposed
Mean concentration
In CA parents
Standard Deviation
Calcium* 0.04 220-1600 750 (660) 3622 2736
Magnesium* 0.015 20-130 46 (38) 364.9 271
Chromium 0.003 0.03-0.68 0.167 (0.118) 0.16 0.14
Cobalt* 0.001 0.02-0.57 0.013 (0.011) 0.08 0.09
Copper 0.004 10.0-41.0 25 (21) 24.38 9.18
Iodine 0.002 0.05-5.0 0.68 (0.58) 0.16 0.14
Iron* 0.039 4.6-17.7 9.6 (4.4) 25.15 18.56
Manganese* 0.003 0.12-1.30 0.56 (0.55) 2.18 2.23
Molybdenum 0.001 0.02-1.00 0.042 (0.02) 0.07 0.04
Selenium 0.029 0.21-5.46 0.830 (0.280) 1.42 2.59
Vanadium* 0.001 0.01-0.73 0.027 (0.024) 0.37 0.26
Zinc* 0.012 150-272 142 (29) 340 230
Boron 0.104 0.07-0.9 0.670 (0.620) 1.1 0.84
Germanium 0.003 < 1.65 0.0046 (0.0031) 0.01 0.01
Lithium 0.001 < 0.53 0.017(0.013) 0.01 0.01
Strontium* 0.000 0.65-6.90 1.20 (1.00) 26.9 2.78
Tungsten 0.000 < 0.06 0.0053 (0.0049) 0.01 0.01
Aluminium* 0.217 < 8.00 8.2 (4.8) 16.25 12.27
Antimony 0.001 < 0.6 0.022 (0.017) 0.04 0.03
Arsenic 0.005 < 1.00 0.085(0.054) 0.1 0.07
Barium* 0.000 < 4.64 0.640 (0.490) 5.42 42.8
Beryllium 0.001 < 0.20 0.0013 (0.0009) 0.00 0.00
Bismuth* 0.000 < 0.27 0.019 (0.025) 3.68 7.07
Cadmium 0.001 < 0.20 0.058 (0.056) 0.08 0.10
Cerium 0.000 < 0.10 0.039 (0.05) 0.02 0.02
Caesium 0.000 < 0.01 0.00067 0.00 0.00
Dysprosium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Erbium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Europium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Gadolinium 0.000 < 0.02 - 0.00 0.00
Gallium* 0.000 < 0.22 .0025 (.0015) 0.01 0.01
Iridium 0.001 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Lead* 0.002 < 3.00 0.960 (0.850) 4.08 4.36
Lutetium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Mercury* 0.003 < 0.60 0.261 (0.145) 12.41 42.2
Nickel 0.003 < 1.00 0.430 (0.400) 0.88 0.86
Palladium* 0.003 < 0.04 0.00032 (0.00078) 0.01 0.01
Platinum 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Praseodymium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Rhenium 0.000 < 0.00 - 0.00 0.00
Rhodium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Ruthenium 0.001 < 0.45 - 0.00 0.00
Samarium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Silver 0.002 < 1.00 0.231 (0.298) 0.11 0.13
Tantalum 0.001 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Tellurium 0.006 < 0.02 - 0.00 0.00
Thallium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Thorium 0.000 < 0.03 - 0.00 0.00
Thullium 0.000 < 0.00 - 0.00 0.00
Tin 0.001 < 0.70 0.320 (0.390) 0.67 2.31
Titanium 0.009 < 2.20 0.830 (0.680) 0.53 0.31
Uranium 1st 0.001 < 0.15 0.057 (0.065) 0.16 0.11
Uranium 2nd * 0.001 < 0.15 0.057 (0.065) 0.26 0.09
Ytterbium 0.000 < 0.01 - 0.00 0.00
Zirconium 0.001 < 1.47 0.155 (0.237) 0.02 0.09
  1. Elements which are found to be more than 2SD from the Literature [43] for Sweden unexposed mean are asterisked.