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Table 3 Physical, social and psychological consequences reported by survivors presenting to Panzi Hospital in 2006 according to type of sexual violence experienced.

From: Patterns of sexual violence in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: reports from survivors presenting to Panzi Hospital in 2006

  Rape NOS Gang Rape Sexual Slavery Combined Gang Rape and Sexual Slavery
  Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Physical:         
   Pelvic pain 53 24.2 139 23.0 3 6.0 25 21.0
   Lumbar pain 24 11.0 72 11.9 0 0 16 13.4
   Abdominal pain 22 10.0 41 6.8 1 2.0 6 5.0
   Pregnancy 12 5.5 13 2.1 20 40.0 17 14.3
   Malaise 10 4.6 44 7.3 1 2.0 6 5.0
   Vaginal discharge 10 4.6 36 6.0 1 2.0 8 6.7
   Vaginal itching 9 4.1 25 4.1 1 2.0 8 6.7
   Abnormal menses 10 4.6 26 4.3 1 2.0 6 5.0
   Generally unwell 5 2.3 24 4.0 0 0 5 4.2
Social:         
   Loss of possessions 55 25.1 147 24.3 10 20.0 19 16.0
   Loss of child/spouse 13 5.9 75 12.4 2 4.0 21 17.6
   Spousal abandonment 6 2.7 43 7.1 3 6.0 10 8.4
   Loss of other family 2 0.91 15 2.5 0 0 9 7.6
   Loss of home 1 0.46 9 1.5 0 0 1 0.84
Psychological:         
   Anxiety about rape 53 24.2 154 25.5 18 36 31 26.1
   Anxiety about spousal abandonment 6 2.7 38 6.3 4 8 9 7.6
   Concern about STIs 25 11.4 76 12.6 4 8 19 16.0
   Concern about HIV 14 6.4 56 9.3 4 8 13 10.9
   General health concerns 16 7.3 66 10.9 7 14 9 7.6
   Grief about loss of spouse 9 4.1 40 6.6 1 2 10 8.4
   Grief about loss of child/children 8 3.7 25 4.1 0 0 3 2.5
  1. Women could report more than one consequence for each of the three categories. Due to the self-reporting format of the interview, these figures undoubtedly underestimate specific outcomes since failure to mention a specific symptom or outcome does not imply its absence.