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Table 3 Reports of proportional mortality due to ARI in crisis-affected populations, by setting (community, inpatient).

From: The burden of acute respiratory infections in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review

Disease Ref. Population (year) Study design Case definition, as reported Percentage (rank if reported)
      By age group All ages
Community       
   ARI [55] Flood-affected residents of Bangladesh (1988) Community-based surveillance Respiratory tract infection <12 m: 4.7 (3); 12-59 m: 16.2 (2); 5-9 y: 16.7 (2); 10-14 y: 0 (n/a); 15-44 y: 8.3 (5); ≥ 45 y: 18.0 (2) 13.0 (2)
  [27] Bhutanese refugees in Nepal camps (1992) Community-based surveillance with verbal autopsies Acute respiratory infection   55 (1)
   ALRI [28] Bhutanese refugees in Nepal camps (1992) Community-based surveillance with verbal autopsies Fever, cough and rapid breathing at death without evidence of measles   40 (1)
  [29] Burundian refugees in Rwanda camps (1993) Community- and graveyard-based surveillance Lower respiratory tract infection   6 (3)
  [31] Unaccompanied Rwandan refugee children in Zaire (1994) Orphanage-based surveillance Pneumonia <15 y: 33 (2)  
Inpatient       
   ARI [41] Sudanese refugees in Uganda camps (1992-1994) Review of patient records Acute respiratory infection <12 m: 25.0 (2); 12-59 m: 32.0 (2); 5-14 y: 30.8 (2); 15-49 y: 16.0 (2); ≥ 50 y: 0 (n/a) 23.9 (2)
  [32] Kosovar refugees in Albania (1999) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection <59 m: 36 (1) 13 (2)
  [47] Urban population of Herat, Afghanistan (2002-2003) Review of patient records Acute respiratory infection Paediatric: 30.5 (1)  
  [46] Urban population of Kabul, Afghanistan (2002-2003) Review of patient records Acute respiratory infection 1 m-12 y: 22 (2)  
  [71] Earthquake-affected residents and displaced persons, northern Pakistan (2005) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection   26 (1)
  [48] Urban population of Monrovia, Liberia (2005) Review of patient records Respiratory infection 1-59 m: 31 (1); 5-14 y: 5 (7)  
   ALRI [24] Cambodian refugees in Khao-I-Dang holding centre, Thailand (1980) Clinic-based surveillance Pneumonia <20 y: 11.6 (3)  
  [25] Somali refugees in Ethiopia camps (1989) Clinic-based surveillance Acute lower respiratory infection, pneumonia <59 m: 34 (2)  
  [49] Earthquake-affected residents of Kobe, Japan (1995) Review of patient records Pneumonia   22.9 (2)
  [42] Displaced persons in Acholi region, Uganda (1992-1998) Review of patient records Pneumonia   7.4 (3)
  [43] Displaced persons in Gulu district, Uganda (1992-2002) Review of patient records Pneumonia   9.1 (3)