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Table 2 Reports of proportional morbidity due to ARI in crisis-affected populations, by setting (community, outpatient, inpatient).

From: The burden of acute respiratory infections in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review

Disease Ref. Population (year) Study design Case definition, as reported Percentage (rank if reported)
      By age group All ages
Community       
   AURI [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran camps (1991) Community-based surveillance Upper respiratory tract infection <12 m: 23.3 (2); 12-59 m: 26.0 (2); ≥ 5 y: 15.2 (1) 17.5 (1)
   ALRI [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran camps (1991) Community-based surveillance Lower respiratory tract infection <12 m: 5.8 (3); 12-59 m: 3.8 (4); ≥ 5 y: 2.4 (5) 2.8 (9)
Outpatient       
   ARI [55] Flood-affected residents of Bangladesh (1988) Clinic-based surveillance Respiratory tract infection <59 m: 23.8 (2); 5-9 y: 17.8 (2); 10-14 y: 17.2 (2) 17.4 (2)
  [32] Kosovar refugees in camps or with host families, Albania (1999) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection <59 m: 37; ≥ 5 y: 24 (1)  
  [34] Kosovar refugees in Albania camp (1999) Review of patient records Upper and lower respiratory infection   22.0 (1)
  [33] Kosovar refugees in camps or with host families, Albania (1999) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection <59 m: 40.2 (1); ≥ 5 y: 25.3 (1) 28.8 (1)
  [50] Earthquake-affected residents of Nantou and Taichung counties, Taiwan (1999) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection   50.1 (1)
  [56] Flood-affected residents of Gaza province, Mozambique (2000) Review of patient records WHO case definition*   18 (2)
  [57] Flood-affected residents of Orissa state, India (2001) Clinic-based surveillance Cold, cough, upper respiratory infection, pneumonia   26.9 (2)
  [44] IDPs in camps or living with host population in Darfur state, Sudan (2004) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection   18.7 (1)
  [58] Tsunami-affected displaced persons in Banda Aceh, Indonesia (2004-2005) Review of patient records Upper and lower respiratory infection   39 (1)
  [54] Earthquake-affected residents and displaced persons, northern Pakistan (2005) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection <59 m: 28 (1)** 22 (1)**
   AURI [34] Kosovar refugees in Albania camp (1999) Review of patient records Upper respiratory infection   15.0 (2)
  [52] Earthquake-affected residents of Bam, Iran (2003) Clinic-based surveillance Upper respiratory tract infection   
  [53] Earthquake-affected people in Barakott, Pakistan (2005) Review of patient records Upper respiratory tract infection   14 (2)
   ALRI [37] Afghan refugees in a camp in Pakistan (1986) Review of patient records Bronchitis, Pneumonia   9.2 (2)
  [29] Burundian refugees in camps in Rwanda (1993-1994) Clinic-based surveillance Lower respiratory tract infection   6 (5)
  [34] Kosovar refugees in Albania camp (1999) Review of patient records Lower respiratory infection   7.0 (5)
  [52] Earthquake-affected residents of Bam, Iran (2003) Clinic-based surveillance Pneumonia   2.2 (8)
Inpatient       
   ARI [24] Cambodian refugees in Khao-I-Dang holding centre, Thailand (1980) Clinic-based surveillance Pneumonia, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections <20 y: 50.7 (1)  
  [41] Sudanese refugees in Arua district, Uganda (1992-1994) Review of patient records Acute respiratory infection <12 m: 26.9 (2); 12-59 m: 20.0 (2); 5-14 y: 21.0 (2); 15-49 y: 7.4 (5); ≥ 50 y: 8.5 (4) 13.6 (2)
  [48] Urban population of Monrovia, Liberia (2005) Review of patient records Respiratory infection ≥15 y: 10 (1)  
   AURI [43] Displaced persons in Gulu district, Uganda (1992-2002) Review of patient records Upper respiratory tract diseases   2.0 (10)
  [24] Cambodian refugees in Khao-I-Dang holding centre, Thailand (1980) Clinic-based surveillance Upper respiratory infection <20 y: 5.2 (7)  
   ALRI [42] Displaced persons in Acholi region, Uganda (1992-1998) Review of patient records Pneumonia   5.2 (4)
  [43] Displaced persons in Gulu district, Uganda (1992-2002) Review of patient records Pneumonia   6.4 (2)
  [38] Cambodian refugees in Thai border camps (1987-1988) Review of patient records Pneumonia, croup or bronchiolitis <15 y: 34.3 (1)  
  [24] Cambodian refugees in Khao-I-Dang holding centre, Thailand (1980) Clinic-based surveillance Pneumonia <20 y: 16.9 (2)  
  [39] Cambodian refugees in Thai border camps (1989-1991) Prospective case series Empyema <15 y: 3.5  
  [49] Earthquake-affected residents of Kobe, Japan (1995) Review of patient records Pneumonia   15.9 (1)
  1. *Unspecified, but assumed to be based on Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines. **Data are averages for the first 12 months after the earthquake.