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Table 1 Reports of ARI incidence rate in crisis-affected populations, by setting (community, outpatient, inpatient).

From: The burden of acute respiratory infections in crisis-affected populations: a systematic review

Disease Ref. Population (year) Study design Case definition, as reported Incidence rate as cases per 1000 person-weeks (rank if reported)
      By age group All ages
Community       
   AURI [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran (Noswood border camp) (1991) Enhanced community surveillance Upper respiratory tract infection   11.2
  [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran (Sarayas border camp) (1991) Enhanced community surveillance Upper respiratory tract infection   24.9
   ALRI [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran (Noswood border camp) (1991) Enhanced community surveillance Lower respiratory tract infection   2.1
  [26] Iraqi-Kurdish refugees in Iran (Sarayas border camp) (1991) Enhanced community surveillance Lower respiratory tract infection   2.0
Outpatient       
   ARI [59] Residents of Malpaisillo, Nicaragua after volcano eruption (1992) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory illness <12 m: 75.0; 12-59 m: 37.2; 5-14 y: 18.3; 15-49 y: 12.2; ≥ 50 y: 10.8  
  [59] Residents of Telica, Nicaragua after volcano eruption (1992) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory illness <12 m: 83.6; 12-59 m: 39.4; 5-14 y: 11.4; 15-49 y: 6.9; ≥ 50 y: 5.2  
  [36] Nicaraguan refugees in Costa Rica camp (1985) Review of patient records Acute respiratory infection   3.8 (1)
  [30] Rwandan refugees in Zaire camps (1994) Clinic-based surveillance Acute respiratory infection   3.9 to 5.2 (≤ 3)
   AURI [36] Nicaraguan refugees in Costa Rica camp (1985) Review of patient records Upper respiratory illness   1.6 (1)
  [51] Earthquake-affected residents of Bam, Iran (2003) Review of patient records WHO case definition*   1.6 (1)
   ALRI [36] Nicaraguan refugees in Costa Rica camp (1985) Review of patient records Lower respiratory illness   1.4 (2)
  [51] Earthquake-affected residents of Bam, Iran (2003) Review of patient records WHO case definition   0.6 (3)
Inpatient       
   ALRI [38] Cambodian refugees in Thai border camps (1987-1988) Review of patient records Pneumonia, croup or bronchiolitis <15 y: 0.9 (1)  
  [39] Cambodian refugees in Thai border camps (1989-1991) Prospective case series Empyema <59 m: 0.009; 5-14 y: 0.005  
  1. *Unspecified, but assumed to be based on Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines.