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Table 3 Prevalence of lifetime violence exposure and human rights violations reported by the sampled households, n = 1115.

From: Survivors of the war in the Northern Kosovo: violence exposure, risk factors and public health effects of an ethnic conflict

Household experience (lifetime exposure) No. of households (%)
House search by legal authority or law enforcement agency 826 (74.1)
House occupied by legal authority or law enforcement agency 494 (44.3)
House burned deliberately by police, army or paramilitary or NATO 630 (56.5)
Forced evacuation or displacement 958 (85.9)
Gunshot, shelling or bombing in the neighbourhood 913 (81.9)
Illegal demolition of household property or food supply essential for survival 628 (56.3)
Family member is missing or becomes disabled due to the war 105 (9.4)
Individual experience (lifetime exposure) No. of households (%)
Saw relatives being arrested, assaulted, tortured, humiliated, injured, or killed 336 (30.1)
Saw friend or neighbour being arrested, assaulted, tortured, humiliated, injured, or killed 358 (32.1)
Arrest and detention without warrant or order 194 (17.4)
Forced separation from family members 631 (56.6)
Kidnapping, trafficking, disappearance 92 (8.3)
Involvement in a combat and cross-fire incidents 115 (10.3)
Extrajudicial execution by law enforcement agency 67 (6.0)
Forced labour by law enforcement agency 25 (2.2)
Experience of sexual harassment, molestation, rape or inserting blunt object into genital organ/rectum by member of law enforcement agency 4 (0.4)
Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment 347 (31.1)
Collective exposure to different categories of violence and human rights violations No. of households (%)
0 48 (4.3)
1 45 (4.0)
2-3 139 (12.5)
4-5 274 (24.6)
6-7 266 (23.9)
8-9 186 (16.9)
≥10 157 (14.1)
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