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Table 2 Associations between delay in the diagnosis of TB, self-treatment prior to diagnosis, and being an inhabitant of a conflict zone

From: Armed conflicts have an impact on the spread of tuberculosis: the case of the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia

  Delay in diagnosis Self treatment
Variables Module1
crude
Module 2
adjusted
Module1
Crude
Module2
adjusted
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Zone of residence    
Non-conflict Zones 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Conflict Zone 4.32 (2.22-8.38) 3.06 (1.47-6.36) 3.28 (1.66-6.47) 3.34 (1.56-7.12)
Gender     
Male   1.00   1.00
Female   1.16(0.65-2.06)   0.61(0.35-1.06)
Age     
0-25   1.00   1.00
26-45   0.48(0.26-0.91)   0.63(0.35-1.13)
46+   1.32(0.47-3.69)   0.61(0.23-1.65)
Pastoralist status    
Agro-pastoralist   1.00   1.00
Nomadic -pastoralist   2.33(1.28-4.24)   0.81(0.45-1.46)
Distance to health facility    
<10 km   1.00   1.00
>10 km   1.30(0.65-2.62)   1.32(0.69-2.53)
  1. Module 1: Only the predictor variable was included in the logistic regression model.
  2. Module 2: Potential confounders were added in the model.