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Table 3 Prevalence (%) of traumatic event types experienced ever (lifetime) and in the past year by nationality

From: Trauma, poverty and mental health among Somali and Rwandese refugees living in an African refugee settlement – an epidemiological study

  Ever In the past year
Events n (%) Camp Total Somali Rwande Camp total Somali Rwande
1. Abduction or forceful recruitment 124 (8.7) 112 12 3 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 0
2. Accident 310 (21.8) 143 (27.7) 167 (18.4) 14 (1.0) 7 7
3. Beating by spouse (*for women) 111 (7.8) 18 93 19 (1.3) 2 17
4. Beating or torture 428 (30.1) 190 (36.8) 238 (26) 26 (1.8) 18 (3.5) 8 (0.1)
5. Child marriage 58 (4.1) 23 35 0 0 0
6. Combat situation 33 (2.3) 4 29 1 (0.1) 0 1
7. Shelling/bomb attack 985 (69.3) 341 (66.1) 644 (71.1) 16 (1.1) 4 12
8. Experienced crossfire or sniper attack 857 (60.3) 315 (61) 542 (59.8) 9 (0.6) 5 4
9. Experienced burning houses 856 (60.2) 348 (67.4) 508 (56) 50 (3.5) 11 (2.1) 39 (4.3)
10. Property confiscated by officials 415 (29.2) 107 (20.7) 308 (34) 7 (0.5) 3 4
11. Dangerous evacuation 522 (36.7) 314 (60.9) 208 (23) 5 (0.4) 5 0
12. Injured with weapon 230 (16.2) 156 74 4 (0.3) 4 0
13. Forced circumcision *(for women) 59 (4.1) 50 9 1 (0.1) 1 0
14. Forced prostitution or sexual slavery 30 (2.1) 3 27 0 0 0
15. Harrassed by armed personnel 692 (48.7) 216 (41.9) 476 (52.5) 19 (1.3) 14 5
16. Imprisoned 221 (15.5) 65 156 15 (1.1) 9 6
17. Experienced poisoning or witchcraft 246 (17.3) 12 234 28 (2.0) 1 (0.2) 27 (3)
18. Rape 60 (4.2) 34 26 7 (0.5) 1 6
19. Sexual harassment (touch) 85 (6.0) 29 56 10 (0.7) 5 5
20. Experienced robbery or looting 468 (32.9) 331 (64.1) 137 (15.1) 25 (1.8) 13 (2.5) 12 (1.3)
21. Sex for food/security 20 (1.4) 6 14 0 0 0
22. Witnessed abduction or forced recruitment 422 (29.7) 252 (48.8) 170 (18.8) 5 (0.4) 4 1
23. Witnessed accident 542 (38.1) 150 (29.1) 392 (43.3) 20 (1.4) 6 14
24. Witnessed suicide 395 (27.8) 50 (9.7) 345 (38.1) 13 (0.9) 10 3
25. Witnessed dead or mutilated bodies 1045 (73.5) 401(77.7) 644(71.1) 16 (1.1) 11 5
26. Witnessed beatings or torture 841 (59.1) 293 (56.8) 548 (60.5) 55 (3.9) 26 (5) 29 (3.2)
27. Witnessed combat s 724 (50.9) 402 (77.9) 322 (62.4) 8 (0.6) 8 0
28. Witnessed forced circumcision 139 (9.8) 116 23 15 (1.1) 14 1
29. Witnessed forced prostitution 180 (12.7) 56 124 10 (0.7) 8 2
30. Witnessed harassment by armed personnel 721 (50.7) 236 (45.7) 485 (53.5) 25 (1.8) 19 (3.7) 6 (0.7)
31. Witnessed injury with weapon 963 (67.7) 421 (81.6) 542 (59.8) 13 (0.9) 9 4
32. Witnessed killing or murder 724 (50.9) 369 (71.5) 355 (39.2) 7 (0.5) 6 1
33. Witnessed rape 201 (14.1) 106 95 12 (0.8) 6 6
34. Witnessed robbery/looting 459 (32.3) 296 (57.4) 163 (18) 11 (0.8) 8 3