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Table 1 Is this an emergency? [24]

From: Users' guides to the medical literature: how to use an article about mortality in a humanitarian emergency

Agency Assumed baseline Emergency threshold
Centres for Disease Control, Medecins Sans Frontiers Epicentre Fixed at:
CMR: 0.5 per 10,000 per day
Under 5 MR: 1 per 10,000 per day
Emergency if:
CMR: >1 per 10,000 per day
Under 5 MR: >2 per 10,000 per day
UNHCR Fixed at:
CMR: 0.5 per 10,000 per day
Under 5 MR: 1 per 10,000 per day
Definitions*:
CMR: >1 per 10,000 per day 'very serious'
CMR: >2 per 10,000 per day 'out of control'
CMR: >5 per 10,000 per day 'major catastrophe'
* Double each count for <5 MR
Sphere project Context specific CMR (<5 MR)
Sub-Saharan Africa: 0.44 (1.14)
Latin America: 0.16 (0.19)
South Asia: 0.25 (0.59)
Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union: 0.30 (0.20)
Emergency if: CMR (<5 MR)
Sub-Saharan Africa: 0.9 (2.3)
Latin America: 0.3 (0.4)
South Asia: 0.5 (1.2)
Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union: 0.6 (0.4)
  1. Definitions for emergency status thresholds