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Table 2 Results of antismoking messages and smoking status in multivariate analysis, adjusted for age and sex in the Somaliland GYTS 2004

From: Antismoking messages and current cigarette smoking status in Somaliland: results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2004

Factor Adjusted Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Frequency of antismoking media messages seen or heard
A lot 0.68 (0.55, 0.84)
A few 0.75 (0.58, 0.96)
None 1
Family member discussed harmful effects of smoking
Yes 0.61 (0.52, 0.71)
No
Frequency of antismoking messages seen at sports events, fairs, concerts, community events or social gathering
A lot 1.30 (1.06, 1.50)
Some 0.90 (0.72, 1.13)
None 1
Taught dangers of smoking
Yes 0.90 (0.72, 1.13)
No 1
Taught that smoking makes teeth yellow, causes wrinkles and smokers smell badly
Yes 0.62 (0.52, 0.74)
No 1
Frequency of antismoking posters seen
A lot 0.93 (0.73, 1.18)
Some 1.06 (0.83, 1.36)
No 1
Frequency of antismoking messages seen on billboards
A lot 0.87 (0.66, 1.14)
Some 2.34 (1.86, 2.94)
No 1
Frequency of antismoking messages seen in newspapers or magazines
A lot 1.17 (0.92, 1.48)
Some 0.82 (0.67, 1.00)
No 1
Taught that most people of respondent's age do not smoke cigarettes
Yes 0.81 (0.69, 0.95)
No 1
Health professional explained why smoking is dangerous to health
Yes 0.97 (0.83, 1.14)
No 1
Religious organization discouraged young people from smoking
Yes 0.70 (0.60, 0.82)
No 1
Youth groups discouraged young people from smoking
Yes 0.89 (0.76, 1.04)
No 1