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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population stratified by sex in the Somaliland Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2004

From: Antismoking messages and current cigarette smoking status in Somaliland: results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2004

Factor Total Males Females p value
n * (%)** n * (%)** n * (%)**
Age
≤ 11 347 (22.9) 211 (26.6) 66 (14.1) <0.001
12 307 (20.2) 112 (13.8) 144 (31.2)
13 129 (8.6) 55 (6.9) 31 (6.6)
14 103 (6.9) 37 (4.7) 40 (8.9)
15 142 (9.8) 69 (9.2) 41 (9.5)
16 192 (13.2) 125 (16.5) 54 (12.1)
17+ 259 (18.2) 167 (22.4) 76 (17.7)
Sex
Male 813 (63.3) - - -
Female 472 (36.7) - - -
Frequency of antismoking media messages seen or heard
A lot 835 (59.6) 468 (61.1) 288 (64.9) <0.001
A few 338 (25.1) 186 (25.8) 94 (21.7)
None 210 (15.2) 100 (13.2) 59 (13.4)
Family member discussed harmful effects of smoking
Yes 1045 (76.4) 615 (81.7) 309 (70.6) <0.001
No 327 (23.6) 140 (18.3) 130 (29.4)
Frequency of antismoking messages seen at sports events, fairs, concerts, community events or social gathering
A lot 490 (34.5) 266 (34.1) 163 (37.5) <0.001
Some 281 (19.8) 158 (20.5) 68 (15.6)
None 655 (35.8) 354 (45.3) 205 (46.8)
Taught dangers of smoking
Yes 713 (50.9) 404 (52.4) 249 (55.3) 0.008
No 660 (49.1) 351 (47.6) 193 (44.7)
Taught that smoking makes teeth yellow, causes wrinkles and smokers smell badly
Yes 738 (52.0) 478 (60.6) 179 (39.5) <0.001
No 657 (48.0) 298 (39.4) 264 (60.6)
Frequency of antismoking posters seen
A lot 566 (40.5) 314 (41.7) 160 (36.4) <0.001
Some 339 (24.2) 173 (23.0) 111 (25.3)
None 490 (35.3) 266 (35.4) 166 (38.3)
Frequency of antismoking messages seen on billboards
A lot 641 (45.2) 389 (50.3) 167 (37.1) <0.001
Some 352 (24.7) 166 (21.5) 133 (29.2)
None 419 (30.1) 216 (28.2) 148 (33.7)
Frequency of antismoking messages seen in newspapers or magazines
A lot 516 (36.9) 270 (35.7) 179 (39.9) <0.001
Some 500 (36.7) 282 (37.9) 147 (34.3)
None 372 (26.4) 204 (26.4) 117 (25.9)
Taught that most people of respondent's age do not smoke cigarettes
Yes 630 (46.3) 367 (49.5) 178 (41.7) <0.001
No 753 (53.7) 391 (50.5) 255 (58.3)
Health professional explained why smoking is dangerous to health
Yes 602 (46.7) 352 (49.9) 177 (41.5) <0.001
No 674 (53.3) 348 (50.1) 241 (58.5)
Religious organization discouraged young people from smoking
Yes 990 (73.9) 540 (74.7) 322 (74.9) 0.878
No 358 (26.1) 189 (25.3) 110 (25.1)
Youth groups discouraged young people from smoking
Yes 748 (58.9) 453 (62.2) 211 (53.6) <0.001
No 513 (41.1) 272 (37.8) 177 (46.4)
Current smoker
Yes 183 (15.8) 65 (10.3) 37 (11.1) 0.248
No 939 (84.2) 554 (89.7) 283 (88.9)
  1. Numbers not adding up because of missing information.
  2. * unweighted frequencies.
  3. ** weighted percentages.