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Table 2 Core indicators

From: Differences in HIV-related behaviors at Lugufu refugee camp and surrounding host villages, Tanzania

Characteristic Refugee camp Surrounding host villages  
  Male % Female % Total % Male % Female % Total % χ 2 p-value a
Sexual behavior
Never-married young people aged 15–24 who have never had sex 21 52 32 65 48 56 24.23
n = 141 n = 81 n = 222 n = 92 n = 111 n = 203 p = .000
Never-married young people aged 15–24 who have abstained from sexual intercourse for the past 12 months 29 56 39 70 57 63 21.05
n = 123 n = 75 n = 198 n = 86 n = 95 n = 181 p = .000
Sex with a non-regular partner in the last 12 months among men and women aged 15–24b 50 28 39 18 21 20 31.54
n = 169 n = 172 n = 341 n = 115 n = 234 n = 349 p = .000
Condom use at last sex with a non-regular partner among men and women aged 15–24 36 44 39 38 24 28 2.24
n = 85 n = 48 n = 133 n = 21 n = 46 n = 67 p = .134
Sex with a transactional partner in the last 12 months among men and women aged 15–24c 21 12 16 8 1 3 32.02
n = 167 n = 169 n = 336 n = 114 n = 232 n = 346 p = .000
Condom use at last sex with a transactional partner among men and women aged 15–24 49 35 44 22 33 25 1.42
n = 35 n = 20 n = 55 n = 9 n = 3 n = 12 p = .233
High risk sex in past 12 months among men and women aged 15–24d 53 28 40 22 20 21 33.83
n = 169 n = 172 n = 341 n = 115 n = 234 n = 349 p = .000
Condom use at last high risk sex among men and women aged 15–24 36 44 39 32 24 27 2.94
n = 89 n = 48 n = 137 n = 25 n = 46 n = 71 p = .086
More than one sex partner in past 12 months among men and women aged 15–49 50 26 37 36 27 30 8.17
n = 352 n = 409 n = 761 n = 381 n = 548 n = 929 p = .004
HIV testing
Had an HIV test in the past 12 months and received the results, among men and women aged 15–49 19 17 18 10 11 10 .37
n = 352 n = 409 n = 761 n = 381 n = 548 n = 929 p = .544
STI health facility utilization
Had an STI symptom in the past 12 months and sought treatment at a health facility, among men and women aged 15–49 50 63 57 88 86 87 7.57
n = 22 n = 32 n = 54 n = 16 n = 14 n = 30 p = .006
Knowledge, attitudes and misconceptions
Comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS among men and women aged 15–24e 25 26 26 32 35 34 6.07
n = 169 n = 172 n = 341 n = 115 n = 234 n = 349 p = .014
Accepting attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS among men and women aged 15–49f 10 8 9 24 24 24 62.22
n = 322 n = 382 n = 704 n = 360 n = 532 n = 892 p = .000
Displacement situations
Percent of women aged 15–49 who were forced to have sex in the past 12 months --- 3 --- --- 1 --- 2.53
  n = 409    n = 548   p = .112
Men and women aged 15–49 residing in current community for less than 12 months .28 1 1 6 7 7 38.37
n = 352 n = 409 n = 761 n = 381 n = 548 n = 929 p = .000
Away from home for four or more consecutive weeks in past 12 months among men and women aged 15–49 34 13 22 19 14 17 9.27
n = 352 n = 408 n = 760 n = 380 n = 547 n = 927 p = .002
Men and women aged 15–49 years who visit surrounding community at least once a month 24 10 17 28 19 23 9.61
n = 352 n = 409 n = 761 n = 381 n = 548 n = 929 p = .002
  1. a Reported χ2 and p-value for difference in total proportions refugees vs. nationals.
  2. b A non-regular partner is defined as any sexual partner different from the one the respondent lives with or is married to and from whom the respondent does not receive or give money, gifts, or favors.
  3. c A transactional partner is defined as a sexual partner with whom the respondent exchanged sex for money, gifts, or favors.
  4. d High risk sex is defined as sex with a non-regular or transactional sex partner.
  5. e Respondents have comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV if they correctly identified two major ways of preventing HIV sexual transmission (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), and if they rejected two common misconceptions (mosquitoes transmit HIV, sharing food with an infected person transmits HIV), and if they knew that a healthy-looking person can transmit HIV.
  6. f Respondents have accepting attitudes if they reported to be willing to care for a family member sick with AIDS in their own household, and would buy vegetables from a shopkeeper with AIDS, and feel a teacher with HIV should be allowed to continue working, and do not feel that it should be kept a secret if a family member has HIV.