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Table 3 Family planning knowledge, attitudes and reported practices, by gender

From: Reproductive health services for refugees by refugees in Guinea I: family planning

Variables Category Male (%) Female (%) X2p-value
a) Knowledge
All respondents: n = 445 (100) n = 444 (100)  
Can explain FP Yes 294 (66) 389 (88)  
Not sure 151 (34) 55 (12) <0.001
No. of FP methods known (excluding traditional methods) None 144 (32) 132 (30)  
1–2 methods 241 (54) 159 (36)  
3–5 methods 60 (14) 153 (34) <0.001
Methods identified w/o probing (multiple answers possible) Condom 269 (60) 192 (43) <0.001
Pill 168 (38) 272 (61) <0.001
Injection 68 (15) 206 (46) <0.001
Spermicide 13 (3) 85 (19) <0.001
IUD 19 (4) 77 (17) <0.001
Other (i.e. traditional methods) 49 (11) 77 (17) 0.23
Methods identified with probing (multiple answers possible) Condom 407 (91) 404 (91) 0.8
Pill 321 (72) 406 (91) <0.001
Injection 250 (56) 373 (84) <0.001
Spermicide 100 (22) 211 (48) <0.001
IUD 110 (25) 228 (51) <0.001
Respondents who explained FP n = 294 (100) n = 389 (100)  
Key FP information source RHG facilitators 197 (67) 262 (67)  
Health workers 55 (19) 95 (24)  
Friends and family 17 (6) 20 (5)  
Drama groups 14 (5) 11 (3)  
Radio 6 (2) 0 (0)  
Other/Unknown 5 (2) 1 (0) 0.006
b) Attitude Category Male Female X 2 p-value
All respondents n = 445 (100) n = 444 (100)  
Attitude to couples using FP Approve 326 (73) 396 (89)  
Disapprove 95 (21) 40 (9)  
Don't know 24 (5) 8 (2) <0.001
Attitude to RHG facilitators providing FP info Approve 334 (75) 405 (91)  
Disapprove 91 (20) 33 (7)  
Don't know 20 (5) 6 (2) <0.001
Attitude to FP teaching (to boys) Before age 15 59 (13) 84 (19)  
Around age 15 155 (35) 200 (45)  
Later than age 15 120 (27) 102 (23)  
Disapprove/Don't know 111 (25) 58 (13) <0.001
Attitude to FP teaching (to girls) Before age 15 158 (36) 223 (50)  
Around age 15 111 (25) 117 (26)  
Later than age 15 66 (15) 50 (11)  
Disapprove/Don't know 110 (25) 54 (12) <0.001
Respondents currently with partner n = 251 (100) n = 320 (100)  
Partner's attitude to couples using FP Partner approves 163 (65) 190 (59)  
Partner disapproves 60 (24) 54 (17)  
Don't know partner's attitude 28 (11) 76 (24) <0.001
c) Practice Category Male Female X 2 p-value
All respondents n = 445 (100) n = 444 (100)  
Reported use of contraception Never 260 (58) 251 (57)  
Past 78 (18) 77 (17)  
Current 107 (24) 116 (26) 0.77
Use by respondent/partner (multiple answers possible) Ever used condoms 164 (37) 41 (9) <0.001
Ever used pills 71 (16) 116 (26) <0.001
Ever used injections 25 (6) 70 (16) <0.001
Ever used spermicides 12 (3) 17 (4) <0.001
Ever used IUDs 1 (0) 5 (1) <0.001
Contraceptives currently used (multiple answers possible) Condoms 85 (19) 14 (3) <0.001
Pills 32 (7) 59 (13) <0.001
Injections 12 (3) 43 (10) <0.001
Spermicide 0 (0) 2 (0) --
IUD 0 (0) 0 (0) --
Respondents currently with partner n = 251 (100) n = 320 (100)  
Discussion of FP with partner Never 108 (43) 143 (45)  
1–2 times in last 12 months 68 (27) 98 (30)  
More than twice in last 12 months 75 (30) 79 (25) 0.35
Current users n= 107 (100) n= 116 (100)  
Where current users access FP Health post/Clinic 68 (64) 106 (92)  
RHG facilitators 30 (28) 5 (4)  
Any other locations 9 (8) 5 (4) <0.001
Why FP source was chosen (multiple answers) Quality-more privacy 84 (80) 106 (91)  
Quality-competent staff 86 (82) 97 (84)  
Quality-friendly staff 82 (78) 94 (81)  
Cost-cheaper 75 (71) 99 (85)  
Convenience-closer to home 73 (70) 71 (61)  
Quality-better product 65 (62) 75 (65)  
Convenience-shorter wait 66 (63) 71 (61)  
Quality-cleaner facility 57 (54) 67 (58)  
Convenience-use other services 44 (42) 80 (69)  
Quality-only available there 41 (38) 52 (45)  
Convenience-opening hours 40 (38) 46 (40)  
Convenience-closer to work/market 28 (27) 28 (24) --
Current non-users n = 338 (100) n = 328 (100)  
Main reason for non-use of modern contraception Fertility related* 213 (63) 261 (80)  
Opposed to use 82 (24) 27 (8)  
Method related 22 (6) 32 (10)  
Provider related 12 (4) 7 (2)  
Lack of knowledge 9 (3) 1 (0) <0.001
Expected future contraceptive use Never 83 (25) 45 (14)  
Later/Don't know 206 (61) 240 (73)  
Within next 12 months 49 (14) 43 (13) 0.001
Current non-users, opposed to FP use   n = 82 (100) n = 27 (100)  
Religion opposed (all) 45 (55) 7 (26)  
(Muslim) 41(-) 7(-)  
Respondent opposed 22 (27) 8 (30)  
Partner opposed 12 (14) 11 (41)  
Family opposed 3 (4) 1 (4) 0.02
  1. *abstaining, pregnant, lactating, unable or trying to conceive