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Table 3 Specific HIV knowledge among injection drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan.

From: Association between expatriation and HIV awareness and knowledge among injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional comparison of former refugees to those remaining during conflict

Question Topic Correct Knowledge %, (n) OR, 95% CI
HIV infectious forever (n = 196): 1.47, 1.00 – 2.15
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 37, 38.9%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 31, 46.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 20, 58.8%  
HIV can not be detected just by looking at a person (n = 196): 1.20, 0.82 – 1.75
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 38, 40.0%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 28, 41.8%  
Left During Russian Occupation 17, 50.0%  
Medicines cannot cure HIV (n = 196):   0.84, 0.56 – 1.27
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 33, 34.7%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 18, 26.9%  
Left During Russian Occupation 10, 29.4%  
Used needles transmit HIV (n = 196):   0.92, 0.59 – 1.43
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 77, 81.1%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 47, 70.1%  
Left During Russian Occupation 28, 82.4%  
HIV transmitted by donated blood (n = 196): 1.44, 0.98 – 2.11
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 34, 36.2%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 27, 40.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 19, 55.9%  
HIV not transmitted by mosquito bites (n = 196): 0.65, 0.44 – 0.95
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 60, 63.8%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 29, 43.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 16, 47.1%  
HIV not transmitted by lack of hygiene (n = 196): 0.46, 0.31 – 0.69
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 63, 67.7%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 27, 40.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 12, 35.3%  
HIV transmitted sexually (n = 196): 0.84, 0.54 – 1.31
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 77, 81.1%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 50, 74.6%  
Left During Russian Occupation 26, 76.5%  
HIV not transmitted by hugging/kissing (n = 196): 0.57, 0.38 – 0.84
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 64, 68.8%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 33, 49.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 15, 44.1%  
Condoms reduce risk of sexual transmission of HIV (n = 196): 0.84, 0.57 – 1.23
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 62, 65.3%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 38, 56.7%  
Left During Russian Occupation 20, 58.8%  
Using a new needle with each injection reduces HIV risk (n = 196): 1.58, 1.08 – 2.31
Left During Taliban/U.S. Invasion 37, 38.9%  
Left During Najibullah/Mujaheddin 33, 49.3%  
Left During Russian Occupation 21, 61.8%