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Table 1 Correlates of living outside Afghanistan in the last decade among injecting drug users in Kabul (n = 463).

From: Association between expatriation and HIV awareness and knowledge among injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional comparison of former refugees to those remaining during conflict

Variable Non-refugee last decade, N, % Refugee last decade, decade, N, % O.R., 95% CI
Age (n = 463): 1.02, 0.59 – 1.76
≤ 30 years 38, (60.3%) 239, (59.8%)  
> 30 years 29, (39.7%) 161, (40.3%)  
Civil Status (n = 463): 1.06, 0.62 – 1.80
Married 32, (50.8%) 209, (52.3%)  
Educational Level (n = 463): 0.96, 0.50 – 1.86
≤ 8 years 50, (79.4%) 320, (80.0%)  
> 8 years 13, (20.6%) 80, (20.0%)  
Monthly Income (n = 463): 0.65, 0.38 – 1.11
≤ 4900 Afghanis 37, (58.7%) 275, (68.8%)  
> 4900 Afghanis 26, (46.3%) 125, (31.3%)  
Duration of Injecting (n = 463): 1.27, 0.74 – 2.18
≤ 3 years 38, (60.3%) 218, (54.5%)  
> 3 years 25, (39.7%) 182, (45.5%)  
Age Initiated Injecting (n = 463): 1.12, 0.66 – 1.92
< 26 years 36, (57.1%) 217, (54.3%)  
> 26 years 27, (42.9%) 183, (45.8%)  
Receptive Needle Sharing in Last Six Months (n = 463): 0.98, 0.55 – 1.77
Yes 18, (28.6%) 113, (28.3%)  
Distributive Needle Sharing in the Last Six Months (n = 463): 1.02, 0.57 – 1.84
Yes 18, (28.6%) 116, (29.0%)  
Always Use New Needle With Each Injection (n = 462): 0.49, 0.29 – 0.85
Yes 27, (42.9%) 108, (27.1%)  
Ever Use Condoms (n = 431): 2.28, 0.94 – 5.50
Yes 6, (10.5%) 79, (26.8%)  
Ever Incarcerated (n = 463): 1.00, 0.59 – 1.72
Yes: 36, (57.1%) 229, (57.1%)  
Inject Drugs in Jail (n = 265): 1.26, 0.42 – 2.09
Yes 10, (31.3%) 66, (29.9%)