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Table 4 Factors associated with HIV-1 infection among the antenatal clinic attendees living in/out of protected camps for internally displaced people in Gulu, Kitgum and Pader districts (North Uganda)

From: HIV-1 prevalence and factors associated with infection in the conflict-affected region of North Uganda

  Internally displaced (n = 2023) No internally displaced (n = 1028)
Adjusted ORa (95% CI) P-value Adjusted ORa (95% CI) P-value
Age group
   < 20 years 1   1  
   20–24 years 1.71 (0.96–3.05) 0.070 2.25 (1.24–4.09) 0.008
   25–29 years 1.79 (0.98–3.25) 0.057 2.29 (1.21–4.35) 0.011
   ≥ 30 years 1.68 (0.93–3.04) 0.085 2.27 (1.18–4.39) 0.015
Education*
   Primary or lower 1   1  
   Secondary or higher 2.29 (1.30–4.04) 0.004 0.64 (0.42–1.00) 0.050
Occupationb,*
   Traditional 1   1  
   Modern 3.62 (1.32–9.91) 0.012 0.86 (0.51–1.43) 0.554
Marital status*
   Married 1   1  
   Not married 0.97 (0.60–1.57) 0.889 2.08 (1.31–2.30) 0.002
Occupation of partnerb,*
   Traditional 1   1  
   Modern 2.38 (1.60–3.53) < 0.001 0.96 (0.61–1.52) 0.865
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
  2. a OR adjusted as for the overall analysis (see Table 3). Only factors significantly associated with HIV-1 infection in at least one group are presented; b Traditional occupation: agricultural worker and housewife; modern occupation: clerk, business woman/man, professional, soldier, student and other;
  3. * Factors with a significant risk difference between the IDP group and the no-IDP group according to the interaction test (log-likelihood ratio test).