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Table 3 Social factors associated with current smoking among adolescents in Kurdistan, Iraq, 2006

From: Correlates of current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in the Kurdistan region of Iraq

Demographic factor OR (95% CI)
Parents smoke  
Father only 1.14 (1.10,1.18)
Mother only 1.65 (1.55,1.77)
None of them 1
Closest friends smoke  
All of them 3.83 (3.66,4.00)
Most of them 2.37 (2.29,2.45)
Some of them 0.64 (0.63,0.66)
None of them 1
Boys who smoke have more or less friends  
More friends 1.32 (1.28,1.35)
Less friends 0.88 (0.86,0.90)
No difference from smokers 1
Girls who smoke have more or less friends  
More friends 0.60 (0.58,0.62)
Less friends 0.82 (0.80, 0.85)
No difference from smokers 1
Smoking cigarettes makes boys look more or less attractive  
More attractive 1.15 (1.12, 1.18)
Less attractive 0.69 (0.67,0.71)
No difference from non-smokers 1
smoking cigarettes makes girls look more or less attractive  
More attractive 1.26 (1.22,1.30)
Less attractive 1.09 (1.06, 1.12)
No difference 1