Call for papers for three new series in Conflict and Health

Non-communicable diseases among conflict-affected populations

Conflict and Health is pleased to announce a call for papers for a new thematic series on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among conflict-affected populations. We seek papers addressing key questions such as:

  • What are the burdens and patterns of NCDs and their risk-factors?
  • How effective and feasible are prevention and treatment services for NCDs?
  • How can health services, systems and policies be more responsive to NCDs?
  • What are the methodological developments in researching and monitoring NCDs?
  • What are the key barriers to addressing NCDs and how can they best be overcome?

We welcome quantitative and qualitative research papers, reviews, short-reports, case-studies, methodology articles, commentaries, and debate articles.

This series will be edited by Bayard Roberts (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Kiran Jobunputra (MSF), Preeti Patel (King's College London) and Pablo Perel (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine).

Psychological measurement in populations impacted by humanitarian disasters

Conflict and Health is pleased to announce a call for papers on psychological measurement in populations impacted by humanitarian disasters (including longer-term humanitarian crises and forced migration settings). 

Over the last decade, there has been a growing realization among psychosocial professionals that the validity of the measurements used in humanitarian disaster contexts should be demonstrated rather than assumed. This has led to a growing area of study that spans the public mental health, transcultural psychiatry, and refugee trauma literatures, and encompasses multiple perspectives on the goals and outcomes associated with psychosocial intervention. This special issue aims to showcase the state-of-the-art methodologies that have been used in humanitarian disaster settings. 

This special issue will provide the field with an opportunity to reflect on current approaches to developing valid measures for use in disaster contexts, and to provide a touchstone for moving forward. Readers of this issue will be able to identify the appropriate methodological approaches that suit their needs, and have a clear sense of the specific steps they need to take to develop a measure that is valid for their specific population. The open access format of Conflict and Health will ensure that the content is freely available to practitioners who work in disaster contexts and thus ensure the dissemination of best practices. 

We are particularly interested in attracting submissions authored by researchers from the Global South, and will do substantial outreach to ensure that these authors are represented. Publication costs for such authors will be waived, consistent with the policies of Conflict and Health.

This special issue aims to address questions such as:

  • When is it appropriate to adapt an existing measure?
  • When is it appropriate to create a new measure?
  • What are the best approaches to measurement adaptation in humanitarian disaster contexts?
  • What are the best approaches to measurement development in humanitarian disaster contexts?
  • How can resource-poor psychosocial agencies create valid measures in a cost-effective manner?
  • What are the psychosocial variables that need to be paid attention to when adapting or developing a measure for use in humanitarian disaster contexts?
  • What are the central constructs of interest in humanitarian disaster contexts?

We are open to qualitative and quantitative research, and to survey, experimental, and longitudinal studies. We recognize that humanitarian disaster contexts are not limited to war-affected settings, but extend to areas affected by natural disasters, fragile states, and any place where resources are limited and the potential for severe conflict exists.

This series will be edited by Andrew Rasmussen (Fordham University), Nuwan Jayawickreme (Manhattan College) and Bayard Roberts (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine).


Ethics of health research conducted in conflict and other humanitarian settings

Conflict and Health is pleased to announce a call for papers on ethics of health research conducted in conflict and other humanitarian settings. The issue of ethical challenges encountered when conducting health research in conflict and other humanitarian settings is receiving increased attention. Many reasons may lie behind this, including increased numbers of conflicts around the world, increased research with populations affected by conflicts and other humanitarian crises, increased awareness about situations of exploitation, and increased attention by funders and regulatory bodies in related research areas. However, confusion often exists about what qualifies as research that requires ethical oversight in these settings, compounded by a lack of adequate ethics oversight capacity in many of the countries affected by conflict and other humanitarian crises. In addition, more attention is required around issues such as publishing operational data, emergency-related research requiring rapid ethics review including the role of waivers, usage of population level data without prior ethics review or participant consent and piloting of innovative practice and equipment without prior ethical inquiry and scrutiny. 

This thematic issue aims to promote the discussion around ethics of health research in conflict and other humanitarian settings, with a special focus on areas (but not limited to) such as:

  • What are the ethical challenges raised by health research conducted in conflict settings?
  • What types of projects or activities require ethics review (and of what type) in these settings?
  • What are the benefits, challenges, inefficiencies, etc. of ethics review processes?
  • What are the ethical issues with cross-cultural research, issues of vulnerability, conflicts of interest, exploitation, etc.?
  • What are the benefits and risks of bringing community voices into research?
  • What should happen after the research is over? What are the post-research ethical issues?
  • What are the ethical issues around publishing operational data without prior ethics review (e.g. sexual violence, mental health, child health, etc.)?
  • What are the ethical issues around emergency-related research and rapid ethics review, including role of waivers?
  • What are the ethical issues around the use of population-level evaluation data without prior ethics review or participant consent for research use?
  • What are the ethical issues around piloting and evaluating innovative practice and equipment not subjected to prior ethical enquiry and scrutiny?
  • Other relevant issues

We welcome quantitative and qualitative research papers, reviews, short reports, case studies, methodology articles, commentaries, and debate articles. We are particularly interested in submissions from researchers or practitioners working in actual conflict or other humanitarian settings. This is an open thematic series with no deadline set yet.

This series will be edited by Dónal O’Mathúna (Dublin City University) and Bayard Roberts (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine). 

Please direct any inquiries regarding these series to editorial@conflictandhealth.com.